James T. Rosenbaum (born September 29, 1949) is an American physician-scientist who is Chief of Ophthalmology at the Legacy Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon, where he holds the Richard Chenoweth Chair, and Chief of Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases at the Oregon Health & Science University where he holds the Edward E Rosenbaum Professorship in Inflammation Research. Rosenbaum is the only practising rheumatologist, non-ophthalmologist in the world to serve as a chief of ophthalmology.
He is recognized for his description of an animal model of uveitis (inflammation inside the eye) resulting from injection of bacterial endotoxin (Nature, 286:611, 1980) and for more than 400 scholarly publications, mostly related to the intersection between rheumatology and ophthalmology. He is a co-author of book, The Clinical Neurology of Rheumatic Diseases.
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