James is a device manager for Novartis in Basel, Switzerland. His main responsibilities include developing primary packaging systems for combination products and supporting new technologies. He has worked on a multitude of injection device platforms including pre-filled syringes, needle safety devices, auto-injectors, and patch injectors. He has also helped to build and implement a renovated CCIT strategy for the Novartis Group. Before Novartis, James worked at Pfizer in their Devices Center of Excellence in Cambridge, UK (2008-2011) and Nutricia in their Advanced Medical Nutrition Division HQ in Amsterdam, NL (2011-2014). He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in Materials Science & Engineering in 2007 specializing in biomaterials.