Search Criteria : United States of America River Edge
Treating Pediatric Patients: A Comprehensive Two Day Continuous Hands-On Course with Dr. Doron Kochman & Dr. Sean McLaren
Jun 06 - 07, 2020 | CE Credits 16 | USD $1085 | River Edge, New Jersey
Treating Pediatric Patients: A Comprehensive Two Day Continuous Hands-On Course with Dr. Doron Kochman & Dr. Sean McLaren is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held from Jun 06 - 07, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. Accreditation: CE Credits: 16 Course Description: This two day continuous hands-on comprehensive course will cover the most important issues that clinicians and their staff may encounter when interacting with pediatric patients and their families. Learning Objectives: • Identifying and managing age related differences in behavior • Basic principles of behavior guidance: ○ Identifying what the "true" problem is ○ How to control the situation (conversation, behavior) • Managing the physical environment: ○ What we see and what our patients see ○ Being a "detective" - interpreting body language • What to do when kids cry • Influence of the parent/caregiver • Equipment considerations and suggestions for simple and inexpensive modifications of the physical plant • Restorative considerations unique to pediatric patients: ○ tooth preparation ○ specific restorative materials ○ endodontic considerations and options (pulpotomy, pulpectomy) ○ non-invasive techniques • Anxiety ○ How does it affect behavior? ○ Considerations for managing anxiety in different situations • Specific management techniques: ○ Tell, Show, Do ○ Voice Control ○ Distraction ○ Non-traditional techniques (hypnosis, animal assisted therapy) ○ Positioning techniques and aides • Dealing with "special needs patients" ○ Physically challenged - wheel chair accessibility, Visually Challenged, Hearing Challenged ○ Psychologically challenged - Autism, Sensory • Identifying and treating common pathology: ○ Orthodontic considerations - missing teeth, extra teeth, delayed eruption, ectopic eruption, cross bites, open bites, habits ○ Common malformations - physical and dental ○ Periodontal considerations ○ Eating disorders ○ Trauma ○ Identification, management, prevention • When pharmacological behavioral guidance techniques are needed: ○ What are your management options? (inhaled, oral, intravenous, general anesthesia) ○ Precautions and considerations Hands on learning sessions will include: • Specific restorative techniques: ○ Preparation of stainless steel crowns and veneered crowns, esthetic crowns including strip crowns, Cheng crowns ○ Modifications to common dental restorative preparations for primary teeth ○ Endodontic techniques – Primary Molar Pulpotomy • Simple interceptive orthodontic measures such as: ○ Simple wire bending techniques ○ Fitting orthodontic bands and techniques and hints for cementation of bands ○ Techniques to treat ectopically erupting teeth such as the use of Separator Elastics, Separator Springs, Brass Ligature Wire, and other device • Management of commonly occurring cases of oral-facial trauma ○ Participants will practice techniques for splinting and repositioning of luxated teeth • The Use of Hypnosis as a Behavior Guidance Technique for Children ○ Participants will be taught and practice simple hypnotic techniques that can be used clinically with patients to manage a variety of issues such as: anxiety, pain, bleeding, parafunctional habits, tolerance with appliances, etc. • Basic pediatric behavioral guidance techniques and those that can be used specifically when working with patients with special needs ○ Practice the use of various forms of restraints and mouth props. ○ Fabrication of simple mouth props for use with special needs patients. • Practice safely transporting special needs patients in the office ○ Specific pediatric dental equipment ○ Practice using positioning aides like special pillows ○ Handle various patient stimulation aides Event Category: Pediatric Dentistry
Ceramic Veneers: Preparation Techniques, Clinical Concepts & Pearls (Hands-On) with Dr. Mark Pitel - River Edge
Jun 12, 2020 | CE Credits 7 | USD $745 | River Edge, New Jersey
Ceramic Veneers: Preparation Techniques, Clinical Concepts & Pearls (Hands-On) with Dr. Mark Pitel is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jun 12, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 7 Course Description: Ceramic laminate veneers are essential to aesthetic and restorative dentistry. Fine tune your skills and learn how to treat more demanding cases and pick up pearls to use in the office the next day. This course offers participants a comprehensive review of ceramic materials, diagnosis and treatment planning, preparation techniques, tissue management, impression taking, provisionalization and cementation. Participants will receive a half day of lecture material followed by a half day guided workshop covering all aspects of veneer placement Introduced in the early 1980's, the ceramic laminate veneer is now recognized as high clinical art and has become synonymous with aesthetic and restorative dentistry. The real beauty of veneers is that they are prized by patients and can also be successfully and predictably placed by any dentist that is willing to learn the basic concepts and procedures. The materials and adhesive techniques that have been developed for veneers allow us to provide this ultimate in esthetic restorations with a minimum sacrifice of tooth structure. If you are currently not providing ceramic veneers in your practice have done only a few cases or do not feel especially comfortable placing them, you are missing out on the enjoyment and economic advantages they can bring to your practice. This course will provide you with all the essential knowledge and skills necessary to gain that confidence. If you already do ceramic veneers on a regular basis and want to hone your skills, learn how to treat more demanding cases, or pick up a few pearls, this program is also for you. The course offers participants a comprehensive review of ceramic materials, diagnosis and treatment planning, preparation techniques, tissue management, impression taking, provisionalization and cementation. Participants will receive a half day of lecture material followed by a half day guided workshop covering all aspects of veneer placement. Partial Listing of Topics Covered in Lecture: • Diagnosis and Treatment Planning • Diagnostic Waxups and mockups • Choices in ceramic veneering materials - advantages, disadvantages of each • Silicone prep guides - labial and incisal • Tooth preparations for every clinical situation • Martin placement - when subgingival, equigingival, or supragingival? • Veneering posterior, previously restored and mandibular teeth • How to handle contacts - when to and how to break them • Managing tissue issues • Impression taking - Getting it right the first time, every time • Provisionalization (3 different techniques) • Preparing veneers properly for try in and seating • Adhesives and luting cements • Cases involving an alteration in Vertical Dimension of Occlusion • The importance of Ferrule design • No prep veneers - how to, when to, and when not to do them • Handing tetracycline staining and discolored teeth • The "oxide ceramic" veneer • Partial adhesive cementation - MDP and Tribochemical cementation methods • Many more... Hands On Portion: • Performed on typodont models: ◘ Preparation of VPS Lingual/Incisal and a Labial Prep Guides ◘ Fabricating and using a clear prep/provisional template ◘ Preparing a complete laminate case with multiple prep designs ◘ Laminate Provisional Techniques Event Category: Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry, Operative (Restorative) Dentistry
The Dentist’s Role in Sleep Medicine: Treating Snoring & Sleep Apnea (Hands-On) with Dr. Kenneth Feiler
Jun 19, 2020 | CE Credits 7 | USD $495 | River Edge, New Jersey
The Dentist’s Role in Sleep Medicine: Treating Snoring & Sleep Apnea (Hands-On) with Dr. Kenneth Feiler is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jun 19, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 7 Course Description: Dangerous, widespread, debilitating, treatable; these are words that highlight how Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a life threatening disease that needs to be addressed through teamwork. Dentists and Physicians must cooperate bringing medical and dental treatment together for remarkable life saving results. How best to treat and evaluate a patient’s progress with OSA is answered. Dr. Feiler provides step-by-step instruction on how to: • Recognize and treat OSA • Use questionnaires to screen for OSA • Do an airway examination and evaluation • Read and understand sleep studies • Evaluate and select the best oral appliance (OA) for each patient • Work with physicians and medical boarded sleep specialist • How to integrate the different levels of sleep medicine into your practice • Recognize, prevent, and treat complications • How to submit to medical insurance This course shows you how Oral Appliance Therapy reduces co-morbidities, helps patients breathe easier during sleep, and saves lives. This is not only possible but expected. The HANDS-ON Portion: • Sleep Questionnaire • Patient Discussion • Group Review • Airway Examination and Patient Discussion • Group Review • Use of George Gauge for Bite Registration & Protrusion Setting • Group Review of Lab Prescription and Communication with Lab Learning Objectives: At the completion of this program, you will: • Learn the basics of Dental Sleep Medicine • Become aware of what a dentist can do to treat this serious medical problem • Recognize sleep apnea patients in your own practice • Evaluate different types of oral appliances • Enhance your knowledge and skills for better patient care • Be able to communicate with sleep physicians and sleep laboratories • Understand medical insurance for treating sleep patients in your prac Event Category: TMJ/Oral Facial Pain
Jun 26, 2020 | CE Credits 7 | USD $695 | River Edge, New Jersey
Crown Lengthening & Periodontal Flap Surgery (Hands-On) with Dr. Jon B. Suzuki is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jun 26, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. Accreditation: CE Credits: 7 Course Description: Restorative Dentists frequently require improved access to specific teeth for proper crown preparation and final impressions. This hands on workshop (pig jaws) will teach surgical diagnosis and surgical therapies for the restorative dentist to permit access to teeth for ideal treatment planning. Full thickness flaps and osseous contouring techniques as well as post op management and pain control are included in this course. Lecture, videos, and case reports will enhance and provide confidence to complete these surgeries for immediate application in clinical restorative practices. Course Objectives: • Diagnose periodontal and restorative clinical scenarios requiring crown lengthening surgery. • Know how to perform full thickness mucoperiosteal flaps. • Know Crown Lengthening surgery principles and rationale. • Know how to contour bone and manage flaps for ideal clinical outcomes • Know management of post-operative care. The HANDS-ON portion of the program will be performed on pig jaw and include: • How to perform incisions, flap elevation, flap positioning, & osseous reduction. • How to reduce osseous structures around the dentition • How to position periodontal flaps to prevent soft tissue rebound • How to suture periodontal flaps Event Category: Periodontics Additional details will be posted as soon as information is available.
Jun 28, 2020 | CE Credits 6 | USD $445 | River Edge, New Jersey
Solving Restorative Problems with New Techniques & Materials (Hands-On) with Dr. Marvin Fier is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jun 28, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 6 Course Description: In clinical practice, what at first seems routine, often isn’t. Patients can present with situations far from ideal and yet we are called upon to treat them. This presentation will take you on a journey with multiple patients who easily could have shown up in your office. Diagnosis, treatment planning, case presentations, and finally, how excellent results were obtained even with less than desirable beginnings will be discussed. This is real-life dentistry that we all have to deal with in our practices. Morning Lecture: We’ll cover many recent advances in aesthetic and restorative dentistry. We will demystify some of the newer composite and adhesive materials we have available. We’ll discuss the basic principles of Aesthetic Dentistry and how to create beautiful, natural looking anterior and posterior tooth colored restorations predictably, successfully, and easier than ever. Predictability leads to lower stress levels, higher profits, and happier patients. You will learn: • The benefits of the new chameleon composite technology • How to reduce time spent on achieving lifelike restorations • How to reduce technique sensitivity no matter how you bond • How to achieve zero post-op sensitivity in your restorations • How to treat patients with hypersensitive teeth • Which composites polish fastest and easiest, and retain their initial shine • How to solve dilemmas with no perfect solution AND as a bonus… • The latest material and technique for removing white spot lesions Afternoon Hands-On: Materials and equipment will be provided. On typodonts, you will work with materials simulating multiple real-life clinical situations, including: • Class 2 restorations using unique matrix system to ensure predictable & excellent contacts • Class 3 and/or Class 4 restorations using easily polished chameleon composite • Class 5 restoration using unique, highly-filled bubble-free easy to use flowable composite Join us for a memorable learning experience. Whether you are a seasoned clinician or starting out in practice, you will leave with knowledge and predictable techniques you can use in your practice immediately. Attendees are encouraged to bring loupes for the course to aid in the hands-on portion of the program. Event Category: Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry, Operative (Restorative) Dentistry
Jul 12, 2020 | CE Credits 8 | USD $745 | River Edge, New Jersey
Implant Prosthetics (Hands-On) with Dr. Zachary Papadakis is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jul 12, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 8 Course Description: There are many choices for every scenario of the edentulous patient, from single tooth replacement to full arch reconstructions. You must be familiar with the options that are available to the restorative dentist to deliver a restoration that looks, and functions like a natural tooth for the long term. This course consists of three portions: Lecture/didactic portion that will present all of the rationale, criteria, and clinical procedures necessary to perform temporization, abutment selection and selection of the type of definitive restoration. Demonstration by the lecturer of various restorative procedures so the participants can see the actual procedures being performed on typodonts. Hands on portion that will allow the participants to actually take impressions with different impression copings, make a custom impression coping, and see many different types of implant restorative parts. You will be able to return to your practice and get right to work performing all of the procedures with confidence. Learning Objectives: By the conclusion of this course, the participant will be able to: • Use the concept of “restorative driven tooth replacement” • Know the choices of abutment selection for various clinical situations • Cement retained vs Screw retained vs Combination type restoration (Screwmentable) • Temporization options during healing • Options for implant supported and implant retained dentures • Impression making techniques, open tray, closed tray and custom impression copings • Occlusion and the dental implant • Non surgical tissue manipulation through the use of temporary restorations. Additional details will be posted as soon as information is available.
Lasers in Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics: A 2 Day Hands-On Course with Dr. Robert Convissar & Dr. Lou Chmura
Jul 17 - 18, 2020 | CE Credits 14 | USD $845 | River Edge, New Jersey
Lasers in Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics: A 2 Day Hands-On Course with Dr. Robert Convissar & Dr. Lou Chmura is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held from Jul 17 - 18, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 14 Course Description: This course is recommended for Pediatric Dentists, Orthodontists and General Dentists. The fields of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics have been revolutionized by the use of hard tissue, soft tissue and pbm lasers. From access gingivectomies to exposure of unerupted/partially erupted teeth to orthodontic and Dilantin-induced gingival hyperplasia to anesthesia-free operative dentistry using your high-speed handpiece, orthodontists and pediatric dentists and their patients are benefitting from the use of these remarkable technologies. Procedures to be discussed include: • Frenectomy • Access Gingivectomy • Access for Bracket Placement/Distal Shoes • Operculectomy/Pericorinitis • Optimizing Gingival Architecture Post-Orthodontic Care • Circumferentai Fiberotomy • Neonatal and Pediatric Tongue Tie Release • Orthodontically Induced Gingival Hyperplasia • Anesthesia Free Operative Dentistry – What’s the Truth? • Biopsy/Mucocoele Treatment • Enhanced Sealant/PRR Restorations • Aphthous Ulcers/Herpes Labialis • Accelerated Tooth Movement • Esthetic Procedures • Retrieve TADs • And More… Hands-On Portion: The following hands-on procedures will be performed on pig mandibles: • Aphthous Ulcer Treatment • Gingivectomy • Frenectomy • Mucocoele/Biopsy • Tooth Exposure Upon completion of this course, participants will be familiar with the use of lasers for specific procedures found in pediatric and orthodontic dental practice. They will be able to incorporate this knowledge into a basis for determining which laser wavelength is most appropriate for their practice and be able to incorporate laser dentistry procedures into their practices first thing tomorrow morning. Additional details will be posted as soon as information is available.
Oral Surgery: Making it Faster, Easier, and More Predictable with Dr. Karl Koerner & Dr. Kenneth Feiler
Jul 24 - 25, 2020 | CE Credits 16 | USD $1385 | River Edge, New Jersey
Oral Surgery: Making it Faster, Easier, and More Predictable with Dr. Karl Koerner & Dr. Kenneth Feiler is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held from Jul 24 - 25, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. CE Credits: 16 Course Description: Are you looking... • to start doing oral surgical procedures with more confidence? • to review techniques you have not kept up with? • to add more oral surgery procedures and techniques to what moderate level of oral surgery you already perform in your practice? • for the tips and “secrets” that oral surgeons know that you would like to know as well? • to learn about what instruments and equipment both old and new make oral surgery so much easier? COME to a comprehensive course that builds over two days of continuous lecture and hands on education so that you will say “WOW!” afterwards and be amazed how much you learned and can now do with confidence! The presentation will cover: • The many “secrets” (techniques, knowledge and tips) of oral surgeons that make oral surgery easier, faster and predictable. • Advanced instruments and procedures as taught in modern oral surgery residency • Surgical "standards of care" • Extraction expertise will be taken to the next level for socket preservations, multiple extractions with alveoplasty, frenectomies, exostosis removal and other minor dentoalveolar procedures. • How to avoid or manage many common complications. • Bleeding Management • Managing infections • Luxators: the world-wide standard of care • Essentials for 3rd molar anatomy • Bone Removal • Bone Grafting • Flap Resection • Suturing techniques • Medications and post op instructions The following will be performed morning and afternoon both days during the Hands-On portion: • Go over by hand all the oral surgical instruments, burs and handpieces and their special uses in oral surgery. • Surgical extraction of a fractured-lower first molar (Includes root retrieval using algorithm) A socket bone graft procedure after sectioning and extracting a lower molar. (Bone graft and double barrier membrane.) • Multiple extractions (4) including "surgical" root removal. • Alveoplasty of the ridge followed by continuous-lock suturing • Surgical extraction of an upper first molar with a fractured root and sinus perforation using upper molar sectioning technique • Techniques that prevent a root from going into the maxillary sinus (embedded within the model) and treating the perforation and socket • Use of a Headstrom file with floss for additional control of a root tip near the sinus • Use of grafting materials to treat sinus perforation • Surgical extraction of an upper third molar vertical impaction. • Surgical removal of a partial bony mesioangular, lower third molar impaction using a triangular flap and appropriate sectioning technique • Perform an excisional biopsy • Perform an "incision and drainage” on infected purulent area • Perform labial and buccal frenectomies • Various flap procedures After performing all these techniques on life like dentoform models, these techniques will then again be done on pig jaws in the afternoon of the second day for a more life-like experience, reinforcing and bringing your abilities to a level where you are ready to perform oral surgical procedures in your practice with a more confidence and greater proficiency. Many of our attendees have taken this course more than once to keep up with updates or to review the comprehensive amount of information contained in this program. Each participant will be provided their own full compliment of surgical instruments (specifically chosen by Dr. Koerner), life like dentoform model, pig jaw, and motor to utilize during the hands-on portion. Attendees will also take home a comprehensive, detailed, full color handout to serve as a reference.
Success with Dental Insurance: Mastering the Codes is Easy – But That’s Just the Beginning with Tom Limoli, Jr (Jul 31, 2020)
Jul 31, 2020 | CE Credits 7 | USD $325 | River Edge, New Jersey
Success with Dental Insurance: Mastering the Codes is Easy – But That’s Just the Beginning with Tom Limoli, Jr is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Jul 31, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. Accreditation: CE Credits: 7 Course Description: This workshop greatly benefits all team members, including dental assistants, hygienists and most of all the dentists. These subjects will provide an overview of the information and individual skills needed to grow with, as well as profit from the ever-changing reimbursement environment. The choice of what code to use when usually occurs in the clinical area, where the procedures are observed. No matter how you slice it, the dentist is ultimately accountable for what is charted as well as billed. Have you noticed the new reimbursement challenges that began in 2017? Crowns with and without buildups not being approved like they used to? Now with every D4341 they want radiographs and periodontal charts and then they pay it at D4342. Get ready, because it’s going to get a lot tougher before it gets any easier. Better yet – get prepared for tomorrow’s world of changing reimbursement systems. This full day workshop will provide for you a comprehensive overview of the skills and information needed to cope with as well as profit from market changes. Learn to work with and understand the patient’s benefit plan restrictions and limitations. Even if your office doesn’t accept the insurance assignment, you shouldn’t ignore this critical component of “Value Added” customer service while you streamline and simplify the reimbursement process. In addition, the workshop will provide for you the basic skills and information needed to cope with, as well as profit from market changes. Benefit plan provisions, limitations, exclusions and carve outs of coverage can have a direct correlation with the patient accepting comprehensive treatment. Learn to work with and understand the patients plan. As concerns coding, CDT was supposed to make our lives easier. During the day we will focus on the most common, as well as challenging sections of the coding sequence. Clinical scenarios will be discussed from both the clinical as well as the administrative perspectives. Appropriate coding and clinical documentation will take the mystique (as well as headache) out of the entire reimbursement process. The day will conclude with Tom’s “Seven Keys to Reimbursement Success” Over the years, its strength, as well as flexibility proves to be a winning strategy for every dental office. For the better part of almost 40 years, the Limoli’s have guided dental offices and the various components of the benefit industry in streamlining and simplifying the overall reimbursement process. Their straightforward and direct approach has been embraced and implemented in thousands of practices across the country. The width and depth of Tom’s knowledge and perspective make for a uniquely refreshing educational experience. Event Category: Practice Management and Human Relations
Aug 07, 2020 | CE Credits 7 | USD $845 | River Edge, New Jersey
Peri-Implantitis and Implant Failures (Hands-On) with Dr. Jon B. Suzuki is organized by New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute (NJHPDI) and will be held on Aug 07, 2020 at New Jersey Health Professionals Development Institute, River Edge, New Jersey, United States of America. Accreditation: CE Credits: 7 Course Description: In this new era of implant dentistry, don’t let implant failures and Peri-Implantitis negatively impact the success of your implants! Learn to recognize and treat peri-implant mucositis and maintaining your implant through hands on performed on customized models. Currently serving as the Chairman of the FDA’s Dental Products Advisory Panel, Dr. Suzuki has the master skillset to guide you not only treat implant failures, but prevent future ones This seminar will highlight the increasing problems facing dental clinicians in the new era of Implant dentistry. Implant complications, failures, and Peri-Implantitis are quickly becoming a major clinical entity, impacting patient care and replacement of teeth with dental implants. Etiologies are being defined for Peri-Implantitis and predictable Implant therapies for failures elude the profession. Minimal evidence based published data is available. However, clinical approaches for implant rescue continue to be tested and will be presented. Course Objectives: • Define peri-implant mucositis and Peri-Implantitis. • Recognize the multiple primary etiologies of peri-implant disease. • Prevention of peri-implant mucositis and of Peri-Implantitis. • Treatment plan non-surgical approaches for Implant Rescue. • Treatment plan surgical approaches for Implant Rescue. • Recognize the importance of implant maintenance You Will Learn To: • Understand peri-implant disease, risk factors and causes. • Prevent peri-implant disease during initial planning, surgical placement and restoration. • Establish initial baselines both after implant placement and after restoration. • Practice initial implant maintenance. • Diagnose and treatment plan the various forms and levels of peri-implant mucositis and Peri-Implantitis. • Treat both non-surgically and surgically peri-implant disease. • Treat implant situations with hopeless prognosis due to severe peri-implantitis. • Practice implant maintenance after implant rescue treatment. Hand-On Portion (Performed on models customized for NJHPDI): • Treat peri-implant mucositis on implants (with abutment and crown) with non-surgical approaches. • Surgically access implants (with abutment and crown) with EARLY Peri-Implantitis on one area vs circumferentially and treat with titanium brushes, bone grafting and membranes. • Surgically access implants (with abutment and crown) with MODERATE Peri-Implantitis on one area vs circumferentially and treat with titanium brushes, bone grafting and membranes. • Surgically access implants (with abutment and crown) with SEVERE Peri-Implantitis and treat by extracting with trephines, bone grafting and membrane. • Practice implant maintenance of an implant (with abutment and crown) Event Category: Implants, Periodontics Additional details will be posted as soon as information is available.