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MONTHLY BRIEFINGS - Nov 2017


September 2017 Briefing - Radiology

Mon, Oct 2, 2017

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for September 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Embezzlement Widespread in Medical Practices

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement is widespread among medical practices, and knowing the warning signs is helpful for preventing it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Accurate Lung Cancer Staging Depends on Quality Nodal Exam

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prognostic value of pathologic nodal (pN) stratification depends on the thoroughness of nodal examination in the staging of non-small-cell lung cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Oncology.

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Checkpoint Inhibitors No Less Safe With Radiation

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Immune-related adverse events (IRAEs), including pneumonitis, are not more common in patients with metastatic lung cancer who receive both immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) and thoracic radiotherapy (TRT), according to a research letter published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Oncology.

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More Than 78 Percent of Health Care Personnel Receive Flu Shot

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 78 percent of health care personnel (HCP) and 53.6 percent of pregnant women received influenza vaccination during the 2016-2017 influenza season, according to two studies published in the Sept. 29 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Central Neck Dissection Underused in Some Thyroid CA

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Only about one-third of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) undergo initial central neck dissection, which is associated with a reduced rate of reoperation, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in JAMA Surgery.

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Working With a Scribe Improves Physician Satisfaction

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Working with a scribe significantly improves physicians' overall satisfaction, satisfaction with chart quality and accuracy, and charting efficiency, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Cancer Risk Up for RA Patients With Venous Thromboembolism

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) have increased risk of cancer in the first year after VTE and during a longer follow-up period, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Adjuvant Chemo Beneficial in Advanced Gastroesophageal CA

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adjuvant chemotherapy is associated with improved survival for patients with locally-advanced gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy and resection, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Oncology.

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Back Pain in Older Men Tied to Incident Vertebral Fractures

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Incident, clinically undiagnosed radiographic vertebral fractures (VFs) are associated with increased likelihood of back pain symptoms, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Tibetan Yoga Improves Sleep Quality During Chemo

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in a Tibetan yoga program (TYP) during chemotherapy results in modest, short-term benefits in sleep quality, with long-term benefits seen over time for those who practice at least two times a week, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Cancer.

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Worker Contribution to Health Benefits Up in 2017

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017, health benefits coverage remained stable, while workers faced considerable variation in costs, according to a report published online Sept. 19 in Health Affairs.

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Ultrasound Echo Intensity Is Potential Frailty Biomarker

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of echo intensity (EI) on ultrasound are associated with lower levels of muscle strength (MS) and greater frailty in the elderly, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Insurer Market Power Lowers Providers' Prices

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Insurers have the bargaining power to reduce provider prices in highly concentrated provider markets, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs.

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General, Central Obesity Linked to Specific Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- General and central obesity are associated with breast cancer risk, with different effects on specific subtypes, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in The Oncologist.

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ACP Does Not Support Legalization of Assisted Suicide

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) does not support the legalization of physician-assisted suicide, a practice that raises ethical, clinical, and other concerns, according to a position paper published online Sept. 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Physicians Tweeting About Drugs May Have Conflict of Interest

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians on Twitter with a financial conflict of interest (FCOI) and frequent tweets mention specific drugs for which they have a conflict, according to a study published in the September issue of The Lancet Haematology.

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'Science Spin' Found Prevalent in Biomedical Literature

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Spin in biomedical literature (also referred to as "science hype") is prevalent, with trials having the highest and greatest variability in the prevalence of spin, according to a review published online Sept. 11 in PLOS Biology.

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Doctors Spend Almost Six Hours Per Day on EHR Tasks

FRIDAY, Sept. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians spend almost six hours per day in the electronic health record (EHR), with 4.5 hours spent during clinic hours and 1.4 hours spent after clinic hours, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Fibrous Dysplasia Associated With Increased Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) are at increased risk for breast cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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AACR Releases 2017 Cancer Progress Report

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The age-adjusted U.S. cancer death rate decreased 25 percent from 1991 to 2014, which translates into 2.1 million fewer cancer deaths, according to an annual progress report published by the American Association for Cancer Research.

AACR Cancer Progress Report 2017

Some Aspects of Empathy Improve During Medical Training

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Certain aspects of empathy improve during medical student training, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Medical Education.

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Are Physicians Obligated to Help on Planes?

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Does being a physician carry a moral obligation to respond to calls for medical assistance on airplanes? That is the topic of an article published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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No Difference in Toxicity for 6-, 2-Fraction HDR in Prostate Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For men with prostate cancer there is no difference in acute genitourinary or sexual dysfunction between 6- and 2-fraction high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy monotherapy, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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New Referral Pathway Cuts Palliative Radiotherapy Wait

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of an advanced practice radiation therapist (APRT) may help reduce radiotherapy waiting times for palliative patients, according to a study published Aug. 29 in the Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences.

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Acute Diverticulitis Recurrence More Likely With Barium Enema

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute diverticulitis, recurrence is more likely among those undergoing barium enema, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Docs Should Be Aware of Family Beliefs Regarding Nondisclosure

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should be aware of societal codes of conduct that affect family beliefs and behaviors regarding information disclosure to pediatric patients, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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New Appropriate Use Criteria Issued for Valvular Heart Disease

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Appropriate use criteria have been developed for valvular heart disease imaging tests, according to a report published online Sept. 1 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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General Anesthesia in Infants May Affect White Matter Volume

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who receive general anesthesia for surgery before they're 1 year old may have less white matter in their brains, according to research published online Aug. 24 in Anesthesiology.

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Coronary Artery Calcium May Be Best Indicator of CVD Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The cardiovascular event rate is low for patients with no coronary artery calcium (CAC), which improves overall prediction among patients thought to be at risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), according to a letter to the editor published in the Aug. 1 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Low Tumor Growth Rates During Active Surveillance of Thyroid CA

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), the rates of tumor growth during active surveillance are low, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Crosstalk Identified Between Adipose Tissue, Carcinomas

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is organ-dependent crosstalk between adipose tissue and carcinomas in various organs, according to a review published in the September issue of Cancer Prevention Research.

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Low Incidence of Adverse Events for A-Fib Catheter Ablation

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of adverse events (AEs) is low for patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Aug. 30 in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

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