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June 2018 Briefing - Pediatrics

Mon, Jul 2, 2018

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for June 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Practice Management Can Improve Efficiency

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Providers can take practical steps to improve practice efficiency and increase insurance reimbursement, according to an article published in Dermatology Times.

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Most Pediatricians in the United States Do Not Support Spanking

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatricians in the United States do not support spanking children and are aware of evidence that spanking increases the risk of poor health outcomes in children, according to a study published in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

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Next-Generation Sequencing May Improve Pediatric Epilepsy Tx

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can improve treatment efficacy and reduce hospitalization in children with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE), according to a study published online June 22 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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AMA Calls for Electronic Health Record Training

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) is calling on medical schools and residency programs to incorporate electronic health record (EHR) training into their curricula.

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Decision Tree Model Can ID Behaviors Linked to Sunburn Risk

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A decision tree analytic technique shows the interactive effects of sun protective behaviors on the likelihood of sunburn, according to a study published online June 27 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Twitter Posts Reveal Use of JUUL Vaporizer by Minors at School

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data from social media capture early public experiences with the JUUL vaporizer, a nicotine delivery device that is the size and shape of a thumb drive, according to a study published in the June 26 issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Combination of LABA + Inhaled Glucocorticoid Safe in Asthma

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to treatment with an inhaled glucocorticoid alone, combination therapy with a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) and an inhaled glucocorticoid is not associated with a significantly higher risk of serious asthma-related events, according to a study published online June 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Prenatal Pediatric Visit Recommended for Expectant Families

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- All expectant families should have a pediatric prenatal visit, according to a clinical report published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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FDA Approves Epidiolex for Severe Forms of Epilepsy

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Epidiolex (cannabidiol) oral solution for treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome for patients age 2 years and older.

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Health Care Technology Impacts Younger Patient Satisfaction

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care communication technology is a determinant of patient satisfaction in younger patients, according to a report published by Black Book Market Research LLC.

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Azithromycin Cuts Pulmonary Exacerbation in CF With Early Pa

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and early Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection, the risk of pulmonary exacerbation is significantly reduced with the addition of azithromycin to tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS), according to a study published online June 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Sodium Thiosulfate Post-Cisplatin May Lessen Hearing Loss

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed administration of sodium thiosulfate after cisplatin chemotherapy may prevent treatment-related hearing loss in children with standard-risk hepatoblastoma without affecting survival outcomes, according to a study published online June 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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National HIV Testing Day Is on June 27

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In honor of National HIV Testing Day, health care providers should encourage people to get an HIV test.

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Intervention Programs Prevent Diabetes Distress in Teens

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) Intervention programs that start before psychological symptoms develop can prevent diabetes distress (DD) in teens with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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CDC, APhA Create Guide for Community-Clinical Linkages

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Pharmacists Association have created a guide that describes community-clinical linkages, which are connections among the community, clinics, and other settings where primary care is provided, according to an article published in Drug Topics.

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AMA Adopts Ethical Guidance on Medical Tourism

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) recently adopted new ethical guidelines on medical tourism to help physicians understand their responsibilities when interacting with patients who seek or have received medical care outside the United States.

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More Than 2,000 U.S. Campuses Smoke-Free as of Nov. 2017

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As of November 2017, at least 2,082 U.S. college and university campuses had smoke-free policies, with most of these campuses tobacco-free, prohibiting both smoking and smokeless tobacco products, according to a study published online June 21 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Across adult age categories, there was an increase in the prevalence of daily cannabis use after 2007, according to a study published online June 13 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschool children after accounting for unmeasured genetic and environmental factors, according to a study published online June 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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For Pediatric Patients, Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator Safe

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients with ventricular arrhythmias at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD), a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) seems safe and effective, according to a review published online June 26 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

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Percentage of Teens Trying to Lose Weight Decreasing

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1988-1994 to 2009-2014 there was an increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. adolescents and a decrease in the percentage who tried to lose weight, according to a research letter published online June 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Parents Urged to Ask Playdates If There Is a Gun in the Home

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is urging parents to ask a simple question before sending their children over to play at someone's house: "Is there an unlocked gun in your house?"

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AMA: Docs Declare Drug Shortages Public Health Emergency

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- At the annual meeting of the American Medical Association (AMA), physicians adopted policy declaring drug shortages an urgent public health crisis.

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Poison Control Center Data Detail Peds Exposure to Buprenorphine

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric exposure to buprenorphine can result in serious adverse outcomes, especially among children aged younger than 6 years, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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Corneal Abnormalities Seen With Down Syndrome

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Down syndrome (DS) have steeper and thinner corneas and more corneal aberrations than patients without DS, according to a study published online June 21 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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U.S. High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of concussion among U.S. high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1 percent per year, according to research published in the June 22 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Some California Mosquitoes Can Carry Zika Virus

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Aedes mosquitoes in California can spread the Zika virus, according to a study published online June 21 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Presence of Nurse Practitioners Growing in Primary Care

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse practitioners (NPs) are a growing segment of the primary care workforce, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A novel handheld mHealth platform (Vivio) can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors, according to a study published online June 21 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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Allergic Rhinitis Has Negative Impact on QOL in Teens

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, allergic rhinitis (AR) has a negative impact, affecting quality of life, daily functioning, and sleep, according to a review published online recently in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Most Teens, Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Report Stigma

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stigma is common in teens with type 1 diabetes and is associated with poor glycemic control, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Outpatient Care Less Efficient for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) outpatient pharmacotherapy is associated with longer length of therapy and higher rates of emergency department utilization than exclusive inpatient treatment, according to a study published online May 10 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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More Cash-Pay Patients Means Docs Need Billing Strategies

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More patients are paying for health care services with cash, and this means physician practices need a comprehensive billing policy, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Parents Say Cancer Prevention Best Reason for HPV Vaccination

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parents view cancer prevention as the best reason for guideline-consistent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online June 14 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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NIH Initiative Aims to Address Opioid Misuse Over Long Term

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A novel, innovative initiative is being developed to help end addiction over the long term, according to a viewpoint article published online June 12 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices, according to a position statement from the Forum of International Respiratory Societies published online May 31 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Some Neonatal Risks for Lithium Exposure in Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In utero lithium exposure is associated with an increased risk for neonatal readmission and major malformations, according to a meta-analysis published online June 18 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Considerable Costs Associated With Switching EHR

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Switching electronic health record (EHR) systems can result in increased efficiency and productivity gains, but there are significant costs associated with the switch, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Prevalence of Obesity 17.8 Percent for Youth in 2013 to 2016

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity and severe obesity among U.S. youth was 17.8 and 5.8 percent, respectively, in 2013 to 2016, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Increased Levels of Distress for Firearm Victimization

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Firearm victimization is associated with increased levels of distress, according to a research letter published online June 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pharmacologic Tx Should Be Used Sparingly for Reflux in Preemies

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Conservative measures to control reflux have limited effect on signs of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in preterm infants, and pharmacologic treatments should be used sparingly, according to a clinical report published online June 18 in Pediatrics.

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AMA Vows to Improve Access for Docs Seeking Mental Health Care

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) recently adopted a policy aimed at improving physician access to mental health care in response to physician depression, burnout, and suicide.

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One-Third of U.S. Children, Teens Use Dietary Supplements

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one-third of U.S. children and adolescents use dietary supplements, according to a research letter published online June 18 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: Many High School Students Engage in Health-Risk Behaviors

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many high school students are engaged in health-risk behaviors, according to research published June 15 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is associated with psychosis symptoms (PS) during adolescence, according to a research letter published online June 6 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Preterm Birth Tied to Lower Job Rate, Education in Adulthood

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm birth and/or low-birth weight (PT/LBW) infants have decreased educational qualifications and rates of employment in adulthood, according to a review published online June 6 in Pediatrics.

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Doctors Want Substantial Improvements in EHRs

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although primary care physicians (PCPs) see value in electronic health records (EHRs), they want substantial improvements, and generally agree on what these improvements should be, according to research from Stanford Medicine, conducted with The Harris Poll.

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Resistant A. Baumannii Rose in Children From 1999 to 2012

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Between 1999 and 2012, Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) antibiotic resistance increased in children, though there was a decreasing trend after 2008, according to a study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

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Portable Music Player Use Linked to Hearing Loss in Children

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Portable music player (PMP) use may be associated with high-frequency hearing loss in children, according to a study published online June 14 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Kellogg's Honey Smacks Cereal Recalled Due to Salmonella Risk

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Kellogg Company has announced it is recalling certain boxes of Honey Smacks cereal due to the possibility of contamination with Salmonella.

FDA Recall Notice
CDC Press Release

Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Young Females

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Binge drinking in adolescence may prevent girls from reaching their peak bone mass (PBM), according to a study published online June 13 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Amblyopia, Strabismus May Slow Test Performance in Children

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with certain eye conditions -- amblyopia or strabismus -- require more time to fill out multiple-choice answer forms, according to a study published online June 14 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Pediatric Kidney Recipients Often Have Subclinical Inflammation

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric kidney recipients, subclinical inflammation is associated with increased risk for acute rejection and allograft failure, according to a study published online May 15 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Good Sleep Tied to Better Cardiometabolic Health in Youths

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Longer sleep duration and higher sleep efficiency are associated with a more favorable cardiometabolic profile in early adolescence, according to a study published online June 15 in Pediatrics.

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AMA President Calls Physicians to Lead in Addressing Gun Violence

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The issue of gun violence must be addressed by the physician leadership scientifically, in an evidence-based manner, according to remarks issued by the president of the American Medical Association (AMA) at the organization's annual meeting.

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Children Can Drink Clear Fluids Until One Hour Before Anesthesia

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- On the day of surgery it is practical to allow children to drink until one hour before anesthesia, according to a special interest article published online April 27 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Antipsychotic Tx Linked to Adiposity Changes in Youths

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth receiving antipsychotic treatment have adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity, with the greatest fat increases seen with olanzapine, according to a study published online June 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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CDC: U.S. Suicide Rate Rose 30 Percent From 2000 to 2016

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2016 there was a 30 percent increase in the age-adjusted suicide rate in the United States, according to a June data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Fluconazole Use Doesn't Up Risk of Stillbirth, Neonatal Death

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fluconazole use in pregnancy seems not to be associated with significantly increased risks of stillbirth or neonatal death, according to a research letter published in the June 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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T2DM Risk in Offspring Greater With T2DM Versus GDM Exposure

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In utero exposure to type 2 diabetes is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in offspring versus exposure to gestational diabetes, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority, according to the American Psychological Association (APA).

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IV Fluid Specs Do Not Influence Neuro Outcomes in Kids w/DKA

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neurologic outcomes in children with diabetic ketoacidosis are similar regardless of the rate of administration or the sodium chloride content of intravenous fluids, according to a study published in the June 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: Preterm Births Increased in United States During 2014-2016

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- During 2014 to 2016, the rate of preterm births in the United States increased, according to a June data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Exposure to Maternal HTN May Up Risk of ASD, ADHD in Child

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) may be associated with an increase in the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring, according to a review published online June 6 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Pre-Op Psychiatric Dx Not Tied to Bariatric Sx Outcomes in Teens

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative psychiatric diagnoses are not associated with weight loss outcomes in severely obese adolescents receiving bariatric surgery, according to a study published online June 1 in Pediatrics.

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How Do Business Partner Data Breaches Affect Your Practice?

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data breaches affecting health care systems or their partners need to be addressed quickly, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Exercise May Lower Mortality in Adult Survivors of Childhood CA

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adult survivors of childhood cancer, vigorous exercise in early adulthood is associated with reduced risk of mortality, according to a study published online June 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Female adolescents and young adults are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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APAGBI: Teens 13+ Should Be Assessed for VTE Prophylaxis

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In the perioperative period, post-pubertal adolescents should be assessed for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis because of their slightly elevated risk, according to a special article from the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland, published online April 27 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psych Impairment

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neuroblastoma survivors are at elevated risk for psychological impairment, according to a study published online June 11 in Cancer.

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2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2017 there were decreases in current use of any tobacco products among high and middle school students, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) supplementation in infancy is associated with reduced insulin concentrations and insulin resistance in boys and reduced waist circumference in both sexes at age 5 years, according to a study published online June 8 in Pediatrics.

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Noninvasive Blood Test Can Predict Gestational Age

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Noninvasive blood tests can predict gestational age and can identify women at risk for preterm delivery using cell-free RNA, according to a study published in the June 8 issue of Science.

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Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy in children are associated with increased long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, and allergic diseases, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Web Program Tied to Better Salt Knowledge, Behaviors in Children

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A web-based salt reduction program is associated with improvement in salt-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and behaviors among children ages 7 to 10 years, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Common allergic conditions, especially food allergy, are associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children, according to a study published online June 8 in JAMA Network Open.

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NCI Cancer Centers Endorse Goal of Eliminating HPV Cancers

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers are endorsing the goal of eliminating cancers caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) through HPV vaccination and evidence-based cancer screening, according to a statement from the American Cancer Society and other organizations.

Press Release
Statement

1999 to 2016 Saw Increase in Suicide Rates Across Most States

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2016 there was a significant increase in suicide rates across 44 states, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Factors ID'd for Persistent Opioid Use After Pediatric Surgery

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher daily average inpatient pain scores and higher postoperative opioid consumption are associated with a subsequent persistent opioid use of up to six months among pediatric patients undergoing major oncologic surgery, according to a study published online April 17 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Respiratory Pathogens May Up Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Respiratory pathogens are associated with increased risk of treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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Online Consumer Ratings of Physicians Tend to Be Skewed

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Online physician reviews tend to be skewed positively, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gut microbiota at ages 3 to 4 months may contribute to the protective effect of breastfeeding against overweight, according to a study published online June 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: Prevalence of No Insurance Varies by Occupational Groups

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of being uninsured varies by occupational groups, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Preschool Home Visits May Cut Later Need for School Services

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A preschool home visiting program shows sustained benefits four years after the intervention and is associated with a reduced child need for school services, according to a study published online June 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has joined 40 public health and medical associations in favor of a proposed update to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's cigarette product standards to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes.

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Similar Primary Outcome for Lower O2 Sat in Extreme Preterm

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Different target ranges for oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (SpO2) do not affect the composite primary outcome of death or major disability for extremely preterm infants, according to research published in the June 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Office-Based Physician Visit Rates Vary by Patient Age, Sex

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in office-based physician visit rates by patient age and sex, according to a June data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Post-Hurricane Deaths in Puerto Rico Underestimated

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The actual number of deaths related to Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico in 2016 is likely more than 70 times the official government estimate of 64, according to a study published online May 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth with asthma have considerably higher use of tobacco products than those without asthma, with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) being the most commonly used tobacco product, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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American Indian Reservation Teens at Higher Risk for Drug Use

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- American Indian students who live on or near reservations are at high risk for substance use versus U.S. youths in general, according to a study published online May 31 in JAMA Network Open.

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No New Adverse Events Reported for DTaP Vaccination

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- No new or unexpected safety issues have been identified in association with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines in the United States, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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Few High-Risk Mothers in Boston Took Folic Acid Before Pregnancy

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among an urban, low-income minority population, few women started folic acid supplementation before pregnancy, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

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CDC Says E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- This spring's outbreak of Escherichia coli illness tied to tainted Arizona romaine lettuce is likely over, U.S. health officials say, but not before claiming five lives.

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Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of non-pharmacologic treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients, according to a review published online May 30 in Pediatrics.

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Multisensory Interventions Cut Pain in Preterm Infant Eye Exams

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of multisensory pain-reducing interventions to topical anesthetic (TA) reduces pain in eye examinations of preterm infants, according to research published online June 1 in Pediatrics.

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CDC: Death Rate for American Youth Up in Recent Years

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For persons aged 10 to 19 years, there was a decrease in the total death rate from 1999 to 2013, followed by an increase between 2013 and 2016, according to a report published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's June 1 National Vital Statistics Report.

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Ob-Gyns Should ID Gynecologic Symptoms of Eating Disorders

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists should be aware of the gynecologic concerns and symptoms of eating disorders, according to a committee opinion published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Fever, Rash, Erythema Seen in Most Puerto Rican Kids With Zika

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection have fever, rash, and facial or neck erythema, according to a study published online May 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Academic Underachievement With Tourette, Tic Disorders

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with Tourette syndrome or chronic tic disorders have lower likelihood of academic achievement, according to a study published online May 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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