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June 2018 Briefing - Pathology

Mon, Jul 2, 2018

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for June 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Practice Management Can Improve Efficiency

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Providers can take practical steps to improve practice efficiency and increase insurance reimbursement, according to an article published in Dermatology Times.

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AMA Calls for Electronic Health Record Training

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) is calling on medical schools and residency programs to incorporate electronic health record (EHR) training into their curricula.

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Next-Generation Sequencing May Improve Pediatric Epilepsy Tx

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can improve treatment efficacy and reduce hospitalization in children with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE), according to a study published online June 22 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Radiomic Model Approach for Characterizing Nodules Promising

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A radiomic low-dose computed tomography (LDCT)-based approach is promising for indeterminate screen-detected nodule characterization, according to a study published online May 14 in PLOS One.

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New Guidelines Increase Melanoma Staging Reproducibility

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Greater reproducibility and higher concordance are seen for melanoma staging with the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) classification of cancer staging, the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 8th edition (AJCC 8), which includes revisions to definitions of T1a versus T1b or greater, according to a study published online May 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Health Care Technology Impacts Younger Patient Satisfaction

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care communication technology is a determinant of patient satisfaction in younger patients, according to a report published by Black Book Market Research LLC.

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AMA Adopts Ethical Guidance on Medical Tourism

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) recently adopted new ethical guidelines on medical tourism to help physicians understand their responsibilities when interacting with patients who seek or have received medical care outside the United States.

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Authors Explore Overdiagnosis in Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for defining, estimating, and communicating overdiagnosis in cancer screening are discussed in a special article published online June 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Higher Cancer Rates Confirmed in Women With Dense Breasts

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Women with dense breasts have a higher rate of recall, higher rates of screen-detected and interval breast cancers, and more lymph node-positive disease, according to a study published online June 26 in Radiology.

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AMA: Docs Declare Drug Shortages Public Health Emergency

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- At the annual meeting of the American Medical Association (AMA), physicians adopted policy declaring drug shortages an urgent public health crisis.

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Some California Mosquitoes Can Carry Zika Virus

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Aedes mosquitoes in California can spread the Zika virus, according to a study published online June 21 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Post-Endoscopic Infection More Common Than Previously Thought

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of post-endoscopic infection within seven days vary from 1.1 per 1,000 procedures for screening colonoscopy to 3 per 1,000 procedures for osophagogastroduodenoscopies (OGDs), according to a study published online May 31 in Gut.

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Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A novel handheld mHealth platform (Vivio) can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors, according to a study published online June 21 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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BCG Vaccine Tied to Reduced Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is associated with a reduction in hyperglycemia among patients with type 1 diabetes with long-term disease, according to a study published online June 21 in npj Vaccines.

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Florida Teen First Human Case of Another Mosquito-Borne Virus

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The first confirmed human case of Keystone virus -- named after the location in the Tampa Bay area where it was first identified in 1964 -- has been diagnosed in a Florida teen, but it's likely that infection with the mosquito-borne disease is common among state residents, researchers report.

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Considerable Costs Associated With Switching EHR

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Switching electronic health record (EHR) systems can result in increased efficiency and productivity gains, but there are significant costs associated with the switch, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Rates of Cardiac Stress Testing Down but Still Higher in CKD

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2012 there was a decrease in overall rates of cardiac stress testing in Medicare beneficiaries, though rates were consistently higher for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than those without CKD, according to a study published online June 13 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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AMA Vows to Improve Access for Docs Seeking Mental Health Care

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) recently adopted a policy aimed at improving physician access to mental health care in response to physician depression, burnout, and suicide.

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Single Blood Sample Test May Help ID Undiagnosed Diabetes

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Single-sample confirmatory testing for diabetes has a high positive predictive value for subsequent diagnosis, according to a study published online June 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Amyloid PET Tied to Diagnostic Changes in Memory Clinic Cohort

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For an unselected memory clinic cohort, amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) results are associated with changes in etiology, diagnostic confidence, and patient treatment, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Neurology.

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Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Young Females

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Binge drinking in adolescence may prevent girls from reaching their peak bone mass (PBM), according to a study published online June 13 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Elevated NT-proBNP Found to Up Cardiovascular Risk in T2DM

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated baseline N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is independently associated with development of major cardiovascular (CV) events, in particular hospitalization for heart failure, according to a study published online May 30 in Diabetes Care.

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Foods With Fat and Carbohydrate Are More Highly Valued

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Foods containing fat and carbohydrate are more highly valued than those with only fat or carbohydrate, and this potentiated reward is associated with response in brain areas critical for reward valuation, according to a study published online June 14 in Cell Metabolism.

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E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Flavoring additives used in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may have adverse effects on blood vessels, according to a study published online June 14 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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T2DM Risk in Offspring Greater With T2DM Versus GDM Exposure

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In utero exposure to type 2 diabetes is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in offspring versus exposure to gestational diabetes, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Strong Link Identified Between T2DM and Parkinson's Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased rate of subsequent Parkinson's disease among individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online June 13 in Neurology.

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Older Adults Increasingly Have HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancers

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancers are increasing among older adults, according to a study published online April 30 in Cancer.

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Exposure to Maternal HTN May Up Risk of ASD, ADHD in Child

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) may be associated with an increase in the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring, according to a review published online June 6 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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How Do Business Partner Data Breaches Affect Your Practice?

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data breaches affecting health care systems or their partners need to be addressed quickly, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Cognitive Decline

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Both patients with type 1 and patients with type 2 diabetes show overall worse cognition than people without diabetes, according to a study published online June 5 in Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Invasive MRSA More Likely Among Injection Drug Users

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Injection drug users are more than 16-fold more likely to develop invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Lengthy Viral Suppression May Cut Cancer Risk in HIV Infected

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Antiretroviral therapy resulting in long-term viral suppression of HIV may contribute to cancer prevention, according to a study published online June 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cancer Development Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer development is associated with increased risk of subsequent type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Oncology.

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Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy in children are associated with increased long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, and allergic diseases, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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NCI Cancer Centers Endorse Goal of Eliminating HPV Cancers

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers are endorsing the goal of eliminating cancers caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) through HPV vaccination and evidence-based cancer screening, according to a statement from the American Cancer Society and other organizations.

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Respiratory Pathogens May Up Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Respiratory pathogens are associated with increased risk of treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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Lifetime Risks Temper Biomarker Tests for Alzheimer Dz Dementia

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The lifetime risks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia vary considerably by age, gender, and the preclinical or clinical disease state, according to a study published online May 22 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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CDC: Prevalence of No Insurance Varies by Occupational Groups

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of being uninsured varies by occupational groups, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Personalized Therapy Promising in Metastatic Breast Cancer

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A highly personalized therapy targeting multiple tumor antigens shows promise for metastatic breast cancer, according to a research letter published online June 4 in Nature Medicine.

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Many Breast Cancer Survivors Do Not Undergo Annual Surveillance

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of breast cancer survivors do not undergo annual surveillance breast imaging, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Convolutional Neural Network Tops Clinicians for Melanoma ID

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The diagnostic performance of a deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) seems better than that of dermatologists, according to a study published online May 28 in the Annals of Oncology.

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