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June 2018 Briefing - Nursing

Mon, Jul 2, 2018

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for June 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Practice Management Can Improve Efficiency

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Providers can take practical steps to improve practice efficiency and increase insurance reimbursement, according to an article published in Dermatology Times.

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Prehabilitation May Improve Post Cardiac Surgery Outcomes

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A three-pronged approach to prehabilitation, which includes improving nutritional status, exercise capacity, and worry reduction, may improve outcomes after cardiac surgery, according to a study published online June 27 in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

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Most Pediatricians in the United States Do Not Support Spanking

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatricians in the United States do not support spanking children and are aware of evidence that spanking increases the risk of poor health outcomes in children, according to a study published in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

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Twitter Posts Reveal Use of JUUL Vaporizer by Minors at School

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data from social media capture early public experiences with the JUUL vaporizer, a nicotine delivery device that is the size and shape of a thumb drive, according to a study published in the June 26 issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Decision Tree Model Can ID Behaviors Linked to Sunburn Risk

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A decision tree analytic technique shows the interactive effects of sun protective behaviors on the likelihood of sunburn, according to a study published online June 27 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Prolonged Leisure-Time Sitting Tied to Increased Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged leisure-time sitting is associated with increased risk of mortality, according to a study published online in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Data Needed on New Type 2 Diabetes Therapies in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, June 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence is lacking on pregnancy outcomes with new glucose-lowering agents used for treating type 2 diabetes (T2DM), according to a study published online May 28 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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FDA Approves Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Eversense Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) system, which has a fully implantable sensor to detect glucose, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in people age 18 years and older with diabetes.

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New Rules May Constrain Docs' Ability to Treat Chronic Pain

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New laws and regulations designed to limit the use of prescription narcotics may further constrain doctors' ability to treat patients, according to an article published online May 30 in Medical Economics.

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Nurse Preceptors Must Balance Teaching, Patient Care

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Caring for deteriorating patients while precepting novice nurses requires a balancing of teaching and patient care roles, according to a study published online June 19 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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USPSTF Favors Osteoporosis Screening to Prevent Fracture

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for osteoporosis to prevent fractures for women aged ≥65 years and for postmenopausal women aged <65 years at increased risk of osteoporosis. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation
Evidence Review
Editorial

Prenatal Pediatric Visit Recommended for Expectant Families

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- All expectant families should have a pediatric prenatal visit, according to a clinical report published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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Midlife Fitness Linked to Lower Risk of Depression, CVD Death

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Midlife fitness is associated with reduced risk of depression in later life and with reductions in the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and CVD mortality after later-life depression, according to a study published online June 27 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Genetic Risk, Lifestyle Predict CVD, Diabetes Independently

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic risk and lifestyle are independent predictors of incident cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a study published online June 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Health Care Technology Impacts Younger Patient Satisfaction

THURSDAY, June 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care communication technology is a determinant of patient satisfaction in younger patients, according to a report published by Black Book Market Research LLC.

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Binge Drinking Linked to Increased Systolic BP in Men

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For men, binge drinking is associated with increased systolic blood pressure and any drinking is associated with an increased relative risk of hypertension, according to two studies published online June 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text -- Piano
Abstract/Full Text -- Roerecke

Few Hemodialysis Patients on Medicare Enroll in Hospice

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among Medicare beneficiaries on hemodialysis, few patients are enrolled in hospice at the end of life, regardless of the spending trajectory during the last year of life, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Missed Opportunities for HIV Diagnosis Among Those at Risk

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Considerable numbers of men who have sex with men (MSM) and persons who inject drugs (PWID) who are unaware of their HIV infection report missed opportunities for diagnosis, according to a research letter published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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National HIV Testing Day Is on June 27

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In honor of National HIV Testing Day, health care providers should encourage people to get an HIV test.

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Decline in Medicare Patients Who Die in Acute Care Hospitals

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries were less likely to die in acute care hospitals in 2015 than in 2000, according to a study published online June 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Abortion Complication Rates Similar Between Facility Type

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) There is no significant difference in abortion-related morbidities and adverse events following induced abortions, whether the procedure is performed in an ambulatory surgical center (ASC) or an office-based setting, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intervention Programs Prevent Diabetes Distress in Teens

WEDNESDAY, June 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) Intervention programs that start before psychological symptoms develop can prevent diabetes distress (DD) in teens with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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CDC, APhA Create Guide for Community-Clinical Linkages

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Pharmacists Association have created a guide that describes community-clinical linkages, which are connections among the community, clinics, and other settings where primary care is provided, according to an article published in Drug Topics.

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New Hospital-at-Home Care Model Tied to Better Outcomes

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital-at-home (HaH) care, along with 30-day post-acute transitional care, is associated with better patient outcomes and satisfaction with care than inpatient hospitalization, according to a study published online June 25 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

More Than 2,000 U.S. Campuses Smoke-Free as of Nov. 2017

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- As of November 2017, at least 2,082 U.S. college and university campuses had smoke-free policies, with most of these campuses tobacco-free, prohibiting both smoking and smokeless tobacco products, according to a study published online June 21 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschool children after accounting for unmeasured genetic and environmental factors, according to a study published online June 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Across adult age categories, there was an increase in the prevalence of daily cannabis use after 2007, according to a study published online June 13 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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In Cancer Patients, PTSD May Increase Symptom Burden

TUESDAY, June 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among hospitalized patients with cancer are associated with a greater psychological and physical symptom burden as well as a decreased risk of hospital readmissions, according to a study published online June 15 in Cancer.

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Percentage of Teens Trying to Lose Weight Decreasing

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 1988-1994 to 2009-2014 there was an increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. adolescents and a decrease in the percentage who tried to lose weight, according to a research letter published online June 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Parents Urged to Ask Playdates If There Is a Gun in the Home

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is urging parents to ask a simple question before sending their children over to play at someone's house: "Is there an unlocked gun in your house?"

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Efavirenz Doesn't Up Depression, Suicidal Ideation in HIV-Infected

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For persons living with HIV (PLHIV) in Uganda, use of efavirenz is not associated with increased risk of depression or suicidal ideation, according to a study published online June 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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AMA: Docs Declare Drug Shortages Public Health Emergency

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- At the annual meeting of the American Medical Association (AMA), physicians adopted policy declaring drug shortages an urgent public health crisis.

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Vertical Mergers Could Be Challenging for Primary Care

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vertical level mergers, which incorporate not just health care providers, but also insurers, retailers, and pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), could pose challenges in primary care, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Aspirin Use Doesn't Cut Cancer Incidence in Older T2DM Patients

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes, low-dose aspirin is not associated with reduced cancer incidence, except in those younger than 65 years, according to a study published online June 16 in Diabetes Care.

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U.S. High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of concussion among U.S. high school students related to playing a sport or being physically active is 15.1 percent per year, according to research published in the June 22 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many Childhood CA Survivors Not Concerned About Future Health

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial number of adult childhood cancer survivors are unconcerned about their future health and subsequent cancer risks, according to a study published online June 25 in Cancer.

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Increased Adiposity Tied to Lower Premenopausal Breast CA Risk

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Across body mass index (BMI) distribution, increased BMI is associated with reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer, according to a study published online June 21 in JAMA Oncology.

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Some California Mosquitoes Can Carry Zika Virus

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Aedes mosquitoes in California can spread the Zika virus, according to a study published online June 21 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Presence of Nurse Practitioners Growing in Primary Care

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse practitioners (NPs) are a growing segment of the primary care workforce, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some individuals self-report that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) help them quit smoking conventional cigarettes, according to a small study published online June 20 in the Harm Reduction Journal.

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Allergic Rhinitis Has Negative Impact on QOL in Teens

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, allergic rhinitis (AR) has a negative impact, affecting quality of life, daily functioning, and sleep, according to a review published online recently in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Most Teens, Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Report Stigma

FRIDAY, June 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stigma is common in teens with type 1 diabetes and is associated with poor glycemic control, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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BCG Vaccine Tied to Reduced Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is associated with a reduction in hyperglycemia among patients with type 1 diabetes with long-term disease, according to a study published online June 21 in npj Vaccines.

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Few Receive All High-Priority Clinical Preventive Services

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Only 8 percent of U.S. adults aged 35 years and older receive all high-priority clinical preventive services, according to a report published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Valuing Gluten-Free Food Tied to Better Dietary Intake

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults who value gluten-free food usually do so as part of a healthier dietary pattern, though they are also more likely to engage in unhealthy weight control activities, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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No Causal Effect of 25(OH)D on Gestational HTN, Preeclampsia

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D status does not have a causal effect on gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, according to research published online June 20 in The BMJ.

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Educational Strategies Could Improve Cardiac Arrest Outcomes

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Addressing shortcomings in resuscitation educational efficiency and local implementation could improve outcomes after cardiac arrest, according to a scientific statement published online June 21 in Circulation.

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Parents Say Cancer Prevention Best Reason for HPV Vaccination

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parents view cancer prevention as the best reason for guideline-consistent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online June 14 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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User Ratings Didn't Catch Blood Pressure App Inaccuracies

THURSDAY, June 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- User reviews and ratings of a popular, yet inaccurate, blood pressure-measuring mobile app were largely positive, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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70 Sickened So Far in Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A salmonella outbreak linked to melons and fruit salad mixes continues to expand, say officials at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FDA Recall Notice
CDC Press Release

AMA Seeks to Make Long-Term Care Services More Affordable

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates has adopted a policy to make long-term care insurance simpler, more affordable, more innovative, and part of automatic enrollment for current employees and retirees.

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FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices, according to a position statement from the Forum of International Respiratory Societies published online May 31 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Attitudes Among Obese Are Not Aligned With Healthy Living

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Food-related policies differently impact consumers with obesity and healthy weight, according to a report published by the Hudson Institute.

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HbA1c Targets Should Be Personalized in Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For non-pregnant adults with type 2 diabetes, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets should be personalized, according to a Clinical Guidelines Synopsis published in the June 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Considerable Costs Associated With Switching EHR

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Switching electronic health record (EHR) systems can result in increased efficiency and productivity gains, but there are significant costs associated with the switch, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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J-Shaped Association for Alcohol, Mortality in Older Adults

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults there is a J-shaped association between alcohol and mortality, according to a study published online June 19 in PLOS Medicine.

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Prevalence of Obesity 17.8 Percent for Youth in 2013 to 2016

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity and severe obesity among U.S. youth was 17.8 and 5.8 percent, respectively, in 2013 to 2016, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many Women Report Vasomotor Symptoms in Their 60s

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial proportion of women older than 60 years may experience moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms (msVMS), according to a study published online May 7 in Menopause.

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Less Improvement in AHA Diet Score for SNAP Participants

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) have less improvement in American Heart Association (AHA) diet scores than other U.S. adults, according to a study published online June 15 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Mental Health Declining for Disadvantaged U.S. Adults

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health seems to be declining among Americans of low relative socioeconomic position, according to a study published online June 18 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
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Algorithm Predicts Very Low Blood Pressure During Surgery

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A machine-learning algorithm can predict hypotension during surgery based on high-fidelity arterial pressure waveform analysis, according to a study published online June 11 in Anesthesiology.

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Meds for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in OD Survivors

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) is associated with a reduction in all-cause and opioid-related mortality after opioid overdose, according to a study published online June 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Pharmacists Are Well Placed to Improve Adult Vaccination Rates

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacists can help increase adult vaccination rates by offering vaccination at lower cost and greater convenience, according to a study published by the Pacific Research Institute.

Press Release
Report

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is associated with psychosis symptoms (PS) during adolescence, according to a research letter published online June 6 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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CDC: Obesity Prevalence Higher in Non-Metropolitan Counties

MONDAY, June 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of obesity is higher among those living in non-metropolitan counties versus metropolitan counties, according to research published in the June 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Doctors Want Substantial Improvements in EHRs

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although primary care physicians (PCPs) see value in electronic health records (EHRs), they want substantial improvements, and generally agree on what these improvements should be, according to research from Stanford Medicine, conducted with The Harris Poll.

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Kellogg's Honey Smacks Cereal Recalled Due to Salmonella Risk

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Kellogg Company has announced it is recalling certain boxes of Honey Smacks cereal due to the possibility of contamination with Salmonella.

FDA Recall Notice
CDC Press Release

Portable Music Player Use Linked to Hearing Loss in Children

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Portable music player (PMP) use may be associated with high-frequency hearing loss in children, according to a study published online June 14 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Amblyopia, Strabismus May Slow Test Performance in Children

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with certain eye conditions -- amblyopia or strabismus -- require more time to fill out multiple-choice answer forms, according to a study published online June 14 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Good Sleep Tied to Better Cardiometabolic Health in Youths

FRIDAY, June 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Longer sleep duration and higher sleep efficiency are associated with a more favorable cardiometabolic profile in early adolescence, according to a study published online June 15 in Pediatrics.

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AMA: Federal Government Must Tackle Rising Insulin Prices

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. officials need to take action to control spiking insulin prices, the American Medical Association (AMA) says.

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AMA President Calls Physicians to Lead in Addressing Gun Violence

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The issue of gun violence must be addressed by the physician leadership scientifically, in an evidence-based manner, according to remarks issued by the president of the American Medical Association (AMA) at the organization's annual meeting.

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E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Flavoring additives used in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may have adverse effects on blood vessels, according to a study published online June 14 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Children Can Drink Clear Fluids Until One Hour Before Anesthesia

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- On the day of surgery it is practical to allow children to drink until one hour before anesthesia, according to a special interest article published online April 27 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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CDC: U.S. Suicide Rate Rose 30 Percent From 2000 to 2016

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2016 there was a 30 percent increase in the age-adjusted suicide rate in the United States, according to a June data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nicotine preloading does not significantly increase subsequent smoking abstinence in adult daily smokers with tobacco dependence, according to a study published online June 13 in The BMJ.

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Fluconazole Use Doesn't Up Risk of Stillbirth, Neonatal Death

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fluconazole use in pregnancy seems not to be associated with significantly increased risks of stillbirth or neonatal death, according to a research letter published in the June 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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T2DM Risk in Offspring Greater With T2DM Versus GDM Exposure

THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In utero exposure to type 2 diabetes is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in offspring versus exposure to gestational diabetes, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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60 Sickened So Far in Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Federal, state, and local health officials are investigating a Salmonella outbreak linked to fruit salad mixes that has sickened 60 people in five U.S. states. The fruit salad mixes included precut watermelon, honeydew melon, cantaloupe, and cut fruit medley products from the Caito Foods facility in Indianapolis. The company has recalled the products.

FDA Recall Notice
CDC Press Release

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority, according to the American Psychological Association (APA).

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Diabetes Meds Reconciliation May Reduce Risk of ER Visits

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ambulatory medication reconciliation is associated with lower risk of a composite primary outcome of combined frequency of emergency department visits and hospitalizations over six months, according to a study published online June 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Pre-Op Psychiatric Dx Not Tied to Bariatric Sx Outcomes in Teens

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative psychiatric diagnoses are not associated with weight loss outcomes in severely obese adolescents receiving bariatric surgery, according to a study published online June 1 in Pediatrics.

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Work Stress May Increase Risk of Developing Atrial Fibrillation

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Job strain is associated with an increased risk of incident atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online May 30 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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CDC: Preterm Births Increased in United States During 2014-2016

WEDNESDAY, June 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- During 2014 to 2016, the rate of preterm births in the United States increased, according to a June data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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How Do Business Partner Data Breaches Affect Your Practice?

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Data breaches affecting health care systems or their partners need to be addressed quickly, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Abstract/Full Text

Older Age, ICU, Poor Renal Fcn Up Risk of Opioid OD in Hospital

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Risk factors for opioid overdose among hospitalized patients include being age 65 years or older, being in an intensive care unit (ICU), and having renal impairment, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Female adolescents and young adults are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Active Failures Seen in Proper Use of Personal Protective Equipment

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Active failures frequently occur in infectious agent transmission-based precautions, including personal protective equipment (PPE) use, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Cognitive Decline

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Both patients with type 1 and patients with type 2 diabetes show overall worse cognition than people without diabetes, according to a study published online June 5 in Diabetes Care.

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APAGBI: Teens 13+ Should Be Assessed for VTE Prophylaxis

TUESDAY, June 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In the perioperative period, post-pubertal adolescents should be assessed for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis because of their slightly elevated risk, according to a special article from the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland, published online April 27 in Pediatric Anesthesia.

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Public Support Only Moderate for Opioid Harm Reduction Strategies

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Stigmatizing attitudes toward those who use opioids are associated with lower support for two evidence-based opioid harm reduction strategies, according to a study published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine.

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2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2017 there were decreases in current use of any tobacco products among high and middle school students, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cancer Development Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

MONDAY, June 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer development is associated with increased risk of subsequent type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a study published online June 7 in JAMA Oncology.

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Negative Social Media Ups Risk of Depression in Young Adults

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Negative experiences on social media are more impactful than positive interactions as it relates to depressive symptoms in young adults, according to a study published online June 6 in Depression and Anxiety.

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Web Program Tied to Better Salt Knowledge, Behaviors in Children

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A web-based salt reduction program is associated with improvement in salt-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and behaviors among children ages 7 to 10 years, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Some Evidence Mobile Health Interventions Can Lower CVD Risk

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile health (mHealth) technology can potentially improve overall cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a review published online June 7 in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

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HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Linked to Drop in Condom Use

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For gay and bisexual men, an increase in HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is associated with a reduction in condom use, according to a study published online June 6 in The Lancet HIV.

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Respiratory Pathogens May Up Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

THURSDAY, June 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Respiratory pathogens are associated with increased risk of treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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AMA Guide Highlights Importance of Caring for Caregivers

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have a role to play in caring for caregivers to help prevent burnout, according to a guide for physicians published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gut microbiota at ages 3 to 4 months may contribute to the protective effect of breastfeeding against overweight, according to a study published online June 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC: Prevalence of No Insurance Varies by Occupational Groups

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of being uninsured varies by occupational groups, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Under New Guidelines, More Stroke Survivors With HTN Dx

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Under the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guidelines, there would be a substantial increase in the proportions of stroke survivors with hypertension and above the recommended blood pressure target, according to a study published online June 6 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Preschool Home Visits May Cut Later Need for School Services

WEDNESDAY, June 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A preschool home visiting program shows sustained benefits four years after the intervention and is associated with a reduced child need for school services, according to a study published online June 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Screening adults, including pregnant women, and providing brief counseling in primary care settings can reduce unhealthy alcohol use, although inadequate evidence is found to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening adolescents. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online June 5 by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

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Increase in Requirement for Flu Vaccines at Non-VA Hospitals

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- At non-Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals, but not in VA hospitals, there was an increase in mandatory influenza vaccination requirements for health care personnel (HCP) from 2013 to 2017, according to a study published online June 1 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mindfulness Program May Help Increase Physical Activity Levels

TUESDAY, May 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A meditation and stress reduction program may be as effective as structured exercise programs for increasing physical activity, according to a study published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Post-Hurricane Deaths in Puerto Rico Underestimated

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The actual number of deaths related to Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico in 2016 is likely more than 70 times the official government estimate of 64, according to a study published online May 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Youth with asthma have considerably higher use of tobacco products than those without asthma, with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) being the most commonly used tobacco product, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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AHA: Limited Health Literacy Is Barrier to Cardiovascular Care

TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Limited health literacy is a barrier to cardiovascular health and prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a scientific statement from the American Heart Association published online June 4 in Circulation.

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No New Adverse Events Reported for DTaP Vaccination

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- No new or unexpected safety issues have been identified in association with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines in the United States, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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Research Reveals Unfavorable Beliefs About Frozen Vegetables

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals have a negative bias toward frozen vegetables, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of Appetite.

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American Indian Reservation Teens at Higher Risk for Drug Use

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- American Indian students who live on or near reservations are at high risk for substance use versus U.S. youths in general, according to a study published online May 31 in JAMA Network Open.

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Case Shows Biotin Can Interfere With Multiple Endocrine Tests

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Biotin, which is included in many hair, skin, and nail growth over-the-counter products, can affect multiple hormone levels, according to a case study published online May 10 in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

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Few High-Risk Mothers in Boston Took Folic Acid Before Pregnancy

MONDAY, June 4, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Among an urban, low-income minority population, few women started folic acid supplementation before pregnancy, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

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CDC Says E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- This spring's outbreak of Escherichia coli illness tied to tainted Arizona romaine lettuce is likely over, U.S. health officials say, but not before claiming five lives.

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Knowledge Gaps Found for Non-Drug Therapy in Peds ADHD

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of non-pharmacologic treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients, according to a review published online May 30 in Pediatrics.

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Facial Morphing Program May Deter Young Adults From Tanning

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A facial morphing intervention may reduce skin cancer risk behaviors among young adults, according to a study published in the June issue of Body Image.

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Studies ID Impact of U.S. Opioid-Related Mortality, Rx Patterns

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2016 there was an increase in the number and percentage of opioid-related deaths; in addition, most patients receiving opioids receive immediate-release (IR) formulations, according to two studies published online June 1 in JAMA Network Open.

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Multisensory Interventions Cut Pain in Preterm Infant Eye Exams

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of multisensory pain-reducing interventions to topical anesthetic (TA) reduces pain in eye examinations of preterm infants, according to research published online June 1 in Pediatrics.

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Academic Underachievement With Tourette, Tic Disorders

FRIDAY, June 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with Tourette syndrome or chronic