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July 2018 Briefing - Family Practice

Wed, Aug 1, 2018

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Learning to Change Important for Improving Practice

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although physicians typically struggle with change, relying on habits created in their practice, learning to change is important in order to improve practices and better deal with the changes sweeping through medicine, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Abstract/Full Text

Flu Vaccine Cuts Mortality in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly elderly patients, who receive the influenza vaccine have significantly lower morbidity and mortality, according to a study published in the June issue of the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Warns of the Dangers of 'Vaginal Rejuvenation'

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Despite their growing popularity, there's no evidence that so-called "vaginal rejuvenation" procedures are either safe or effective, according to a statement released by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Weak Recommendation to Screen for Bacteriuria in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Very low-quality evidence supports screening for elevated bacteria levels in urine during the first trimester for non-symptomatic pregnant women, according to a clinical guideline published in the July 9 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Front Desk Staff Can Set Up a Practice for Successful Billing

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Allowing front desk staff adequate time and an uninterrupted environment to focus on billing can prevent problems later on, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

One in Four Older Adults With Diabetes Uses Alternative Meds

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- More than 25 percent of older U.S. adults with diabetes use some type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to a research letter published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Published Programs Address Medical Trainee Mistreatment

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There are very few published descriptions of programs that address the mistreatment of medical trainees, according to a review published online July 27 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Demonstrating Clinical Use Will Speed Genomic Screening

TUESDAY, July 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of genomic screening (GS) into routine health care is dependent on demonstration of clinical utility, which will be quicker with use of more data, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 31 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Better Care Quality Needed for Universal Health Coverage

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In order to achieve universal health coverage, stakeholders must focus on the quality of health services, including provision of effective, safe, timely, equitable, integrated, and efficient health services, according to a report published by the World Health Organization.

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Medical Boards May Contribute to Mental Health Stigma for Doctors

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Existing policy has been amended to encourage licensing boards to require disclosure of physical or mental health conditions only when these would negatively impact a physicians' ability to practice medicine, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Teen Boy Suffers Serious Burns After 'Hot Water Challenge'

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An Indianapolis teen suffered serious burns after his friends poured boiling hot water on him as part of fad called the "Hot Water Challenge."

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AMA Opposes Proposed Cuts, Gag Orders for Reproductive Health

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) strongly objects to the Trump administration's plan to withhold federal family planning funding from Planned Parenthood and other entities, according to a statement released by the organization.

AMA Statement
AMA Wire Article
Comment on Regulations

Ties Between Self-Regulation, Obesity in Children Differ by Sex

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The association between self-regulation and the risk of obesity differs between boys and girls, according to a study published online July 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Four Strategies Help Doctors Make Personal, Professional Gains

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published in Physicians Practice, four strategies are presented to help physicians make personal and professional gains.

Abstract/Full Text

Few Health Differences for Trans, Cisgender Veterans

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender U.S. veterans have few health differences compared with cisgender veterans, although the odds of having at least one disability are higher for transgender veterans, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP) have a higher risk of developing infective endocarditis (IE) than the general population, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Coverage Interruptions Common in Adults With T1DM

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Interruptions in private health insurance coverage are common among U.S. adults with type 1 diabetes and are associated with an increase in glycated hemoglobin and in use of acute care services, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Young Cancer Survivors Have High Risk of Endocrine Diseases

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors have a 73 percent higher risk of endocrine diseases, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Tool Improves Identification of Undiagnosed Hypertension

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of billing and clinical data can help to identify undiagnosed hypertension, according to research published in the July 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

No Higher Risk of Autoimmune Disorders After HPV4 Vaccination

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Following quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccination, girls age 12 to 17 years do not have increased risk of autoimmune disorders, according to a study published recently in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Fatal Child Drownings in Open Water Areas Are Increasing

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most fatal child drownings occur each year between May and August, the majority of which happen in lakes, rivers, oceans, and other types of open water, according to a report released by Safe Kids Worldwide.

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Cross-Continuum Communication Beneficial After Discharge

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cross-continuum communication after hospital discharge can improve patient outcomes and overall health, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

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CDC: Homicides by Firearm on the Rise in the United States

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Gun murders are on the rise in the United States and are the most common type of murder, according to a QuickStats report published in the July 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

NFID Initiative Working to Up Hepatitis B Vaccination Rates

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new initiative to increase hepatitis B virus vaccination rates among at-risk adults has been developed, according to a report from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) published in support of World Hepatitis Day.

More Information
World Hepatitis Day

New Model IDs Factors Tied to Muslim Youth Radicalization

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A psychological and social model provides insight into factors and triggers for radicalization among European youth recruited into Islam, according to a review published in the August issue of European Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk of Heart Failure Up in ALVSD Patients With Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ALVSD), those with diabetes have increased risk of heart failure development and hospitalization, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Readmission Rate 19.2 Percent After Acute Exacerbation of COPD

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of 30-day index readmissions after acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is 19.2 percent, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

2002 to 2014 Saw Hike in AMI Rate in Pregnancy, Puerperium

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurred in one of every 12,400 hospitalizations for those hospitalized during pregnancy and the puerperium, according to a study published online July 18 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures, according to a study published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA: Whey Powder Behind Recent Salmonella-Linked Recalls

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ritz and Goldfish crackers, Swiss Rolls -- they've all been tied to possible Salmonella contamination through a common ingredient, dry whey powder, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Drop in Osteoporosis Treatment Initiation After Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In recent years there have been low rates of osteoporosis treatment initiation after a hip fracture, according to research published in the July 20 issue of JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

July 28 Is World Hepatitis Day

FRIDAY, July 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- July 28 is World Hepatitis Day, according to an announcement published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text
World Hepatitis Day

Assessing, Improving Patient Satisfaction Cuts Malpractice Risk

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Assessing and improving patient satisfaction can help physicians avoid being sued for malpractice, according to an article published in Physicians Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Use of 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines Would Increase HTN Prevalence

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) hypertension guidelines would increase the proportion of 45- to 75-year-olds labeled as having hypertension in the United States and China, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Canada Updates Guidelines for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A guideline published in the June 4 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association, provides updated evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial
World Hepatitis Day

CDC: Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak Appears to Be Over

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak linked to melons and fruit salad mixes appears to be over, say officials at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

FDA Outbreak Update
CDC Final Update

Late-Life Blood Pressure Tied to Higher Number of Brain Infarcts

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Higher average late-life blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increased number of brain infarcts, according to a study published online July 11 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guidance Provided for Reporting Foodborne Illness

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers guidance for health care professionals on reporting foodborne illnesses.

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Insurers May Be Underpaying Doctors

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance companies sometimes underpay doctors the contracted amount for a service or procedure, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Abstract/Full Text

Steroid Abuse Put 60-Year-Old Bodybuilder in the Hospital

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published online July 23 in BMJ Case Reports, doctors present the case of an amateur weight-lifter who developed non-ischemic cardiomyopathy after using anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS).

Abstract/Full Text

ACOG, Others Come Out Against Proposed Rule on Title-X

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Health care organizations have come out against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' proposed rule that amends regulations governing the Title X of the Public Health Service Act, which provides low-income patients with access to family planning and preventive health services and information.

More Information
Comment on Regulations

WHO Targets for Chronic Hepatitis B Will Be Cost-Effective

THURSDAY, July 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Meeting World Health Organization (WHO) targets for chronic hepatitis B by 2030 will be cost-effective, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
World Hepatitis Day

Regulations Restrict Providers' Ability to Offer Info on Abortions

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed regulations restrict providers' ability to deliver unbiased patient care for individuals wanting to know about or undergo abortion, according to a perspective piece published online July 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Comment on Regulations

First IVF Baby Louise Brown Turns 40

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- It's been 40 years since the birth of the first baby conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), and there have been more than eight million born since.

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One-Third of Hep C Rx Receive Absolute Denial From Insurers

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insurers are increasingly denying prescriptions of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs for hepatitis C virus treatment, according to a study published online June 7 in Open Forum Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text
World Hepatitis Day

Prevalence of Depression 4.4 Percent Among Dads of Infants

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of depression is 4.4 percent among fathers of children age 15 months or younger attending a well-child care clinic visit, according to a research letter published online July 23 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

HerbList App Launched to Provide Information on Herbal Products

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health's National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) has announced the launch of an app for easy access to research-based information on the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.

NIH Press Release
Herbs at a Glance

Escitalopram Cuts MACE Risk in Depressed Patients With ACS

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with depression following recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS), escitalopram results in lower risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guidelines for ART Updated for Those With or at Risk for HIV

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been updated for individuals at risk of or living with HIV; the 2018 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA Panel are published in the July 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Many U.S. Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most U.S. adults believe that marijuana has at least one benefit, according to a study published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Tools, Methods of RCTs Can Be Adapted to Real-World Settings

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of appropriate statistical methodology can allow for the synthesis of data collected as part of traditional clinical trials with real-world data, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Coal and Oil Power Plant Pollution May Lower Fertility Rates

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fertility rates among nearby populations appear to increase after coal and oil power plant retirements, according to a study published recently in Environmental Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Diabetes Diagnosis May Impact Health Behaviors of Family

WEDNESDAY, July 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Partners of people with newly diagnosed diabetes have small but significant differences in health-related behavioral changes compared with partners of people without diabetes, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Lowering Default Number of Pills Can Reduce Prescribed Opioids

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing the default number of opioid pills prescribed in an electronic medical record (EMR) system can effectively decrease the amount of opioids prescribed after procedures, according to a study published online July 18 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Reduced Cognitive Function for Students During Heat Waves

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive function deficits resulting from indoor thermal conditions during heat waves affect university students, according to a study published online July 10 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Parents' adverse childhood events (ACEs), such as abuse, neglect, or household dysfunction, can impact their children's lives, according to a study published online July 9 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Physicians and Practices Should Prepare for Emergencies

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Practices and physicians should prepare for emergency situations, such as natural disasters, network communications failures, and active shooter situations, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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11 Infant Deaths Halt Trial of Sildenafil in Pregnant Women

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been 11 lung-related infant deaths after pregnant women in the Netherlands were given sildenafil (Viagra) to boost the growth of their babies while in the womb.

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Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Regulatory changes are needed to address child health concerns related to the use of food additives, according to a policy statement published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

Policy Statement
Technical Report

VA MISSION Act May Up Costs, Lower Vet Health Care Quality

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Veterans Affairs Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks (VA MISSION) Act may increase costs and reduce quality of health care for veterans, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Salmonella Spurs Recall of Swiss Rolls, Bread

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Possible Salmonella contamination has led to the recall of rolls and bread made by Flowers Foods, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Nitrogen Dioxide Doesn't Impact Benefit of Exercise on MI

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nitrogen dioxide does not affect the benefits of physical activity on the incidence or recurrence of myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Sulfonylureas As 2nd-Line T2DM Therapy Tied to Higher Event Risk

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Sulfonylureas as second-line drugs for type 2 diabetes are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and hypoglycemic events compared with remaining on metformin monotherapy or adding to metformin therapy, according to a study published online July 18 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Reproductive, Hormonal Factors Tied to Knee OA in Women

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Female reproductive and hormonal factors are associated with incidence of knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Alcohol, Tobacco Consumption Tied to Cancer Mortality

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol consumption per capita is positively associated with overall cancer mortality among older men and women over a 20-year period, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Monthly Vitamin D Supplement May Not Cut Cancer Risk

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Monthly high-dose vitamin D supplementation may not prevent the risk of cancer among adults aged 50 to 84 years, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Salmonella Spurs Recall of Ritz Crackers

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A number of Ritz Crackers products are being recalled due to possible Salmonella risk, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Walmart Generic Drug Discounts Often Offer More Patient Savings

MONDAY, July 23 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Walmart's Generic Drug Discount Program (GDDP), which sells many commonly used generic medications for $4 per 30-day supply, offers savings over Medicare for some generic cardiovascular medications, according to a research letter published online July 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Medical Organizations Must Address Sexual Harassment

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Medical institutions and organizations need to ensure there are proactive interventions to transform the workplace in order to address sexual harassment and discrimination, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire.

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Child-Targeted Gluten-Free Products No Healthier

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Child-targeted gluten-free products do not appear to be healthier, with similar levels of sugar and poor nutritional quality as product equivalents, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Users of synthetic marijuana products and health care providers should be aware of the risk of bleeding associated with contamination of synthetic cannabinoid products with brodifacoum, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Intermittent Energy Restriction Effectively Cuts HbA1c in T2DM

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, intermittent energy restriction is comparable to continuous energy restriction for reduction of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to a study published online July 20 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Few HIV Tests Given to Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in South

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Few HIV tests in the southern United States are provided for black men who have sex with men (MSM) even though they account for a substantial percentage of new diagnoses, according to research published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Poor Outcomes for Prefrail/Frail at Risk of Malnutrition

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Prefrail/frail seniors at risk of malnutrition have poor health outcomes and increased mortality, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Embezzlement Not Uncommon in Medical Practices

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Embezzlement occurs frequently in medical practices and steps should be taken to prevent it, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: More People With High Cholesterol Taking Medications

MONDAY, July 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a substantial increase in the percentage of patients with high cholesterol over age 60 years taking lipid-lowering medications from 2005 to 2016, but such increases have not been seen among younger patients with high cholesterol, according to a QuickStats report published in the July 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Unfavorable Prepregnancy Lipid Levels Linked to Low Parity

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of having no or only one child is elevated for women with an unfavorable prepregnancy lipid profile, according to a study published in the June issue of BMJ Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Greening Vacant Land Improves Neighborhood Mental Health

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fixing up blighted physical environments, particularly in resource-limited urban settings, may improve the mental health of residents living nearby, according to a study published in the July issue of JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

C.S. Mott Poll Addresses Child Safety at Amusement Parks

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- One in five parents say they have not made plans with their children about what to do if they became separated at an amusement park or carnival, according to the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health at the University of Michigan.

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Bayer Stops U.S. Sale of Essure Birth Control Implant

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Amid lawsuits and plummeting sales for its Essure birth control device, Bayer announced Friday that it would cease U.S. sales of the product by the end of 2018.

FDA Press Announcement
Bayer Press Release

Increased Coverage in States With Medicaid Expansion

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Coverage rates and access to care are significantly higher in states with Medicaid expansion, compared with non-expansion states, according to a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Availability of Generic Antivirals for Hepatitis B Increasing

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Availability of generic antivirals for treating chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) is increasing, according to research published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Lyme-Bearing Ticks More Widespread in U.S. Than Thought

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Ticks capable of transmitting Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses have been identified in dozens of places across the United States where the pests had never previously been recorded, according to a study published online July 12 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Visual Function Deficits Up in Developmental Dyslexia

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- School-aged children with developmental dyslexia (DD) more frequently have visual function deficits than typically developing (TD) children, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years, according to a study published online July 19 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Empagliflozin Doesn't Up Risk of Bone Fractures

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Empagliflozin does not increase the risk of bone fracture in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 15 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Proposes New Rule on Food Labeling in Vending Machines

FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new rule proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests that the type size on packaged foods sold in vending machines be at least 1.5 times the size of the net weight declaration on the front of the package.

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Same-Day Appointment System Implemented in Health Network

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A same-day appointment system can feasibly be introduced, according to the experiences of one health network presented in an article published in Managed Healthcare Executive.

Abstract/Full Text

Salmonella Outbreak in 26 States Linked to Raw Turkey Products

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 90 people in 26 states has been linked to a variety of raw turkey products, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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FDA Recalls Drugs Containing Active Ingredient Valsartan

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Several drug products containing the active ingredient valsartan, used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure, are being recalled due to an impurity, N-nitrosodimethylamine, that has been found in the recalled products, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Liver Disease-Related Deaths Up Sharply From 1999 to 2016

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Liver disease-related deaths, particularly due to cirrhosis, have been increasing in the United States since 2009, according to a study published online July 18 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Atopic Dermatitis Places Heavy Burden on Patients

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Atopic dermatitis (AD) dramatically impacts the quality of life of patients, according to a study published online July 16 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Abstract/Full Text

Characteristics of Severe Hypoglycemia Identified in T2DM

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, characteristics of those with severe hypoglycemia include having a prior diagnosis of non-severe hypoglycemia and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) <6 percent, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Both High and Low Uric Acid Levels Tied to Higher Mortality

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Both high and low uric acid levels are associated with an increased risk of dying, according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Ten Questions Screen Helps ID Disability in HIV+ Children

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Ten Questions (TQ) screen is an effective way to screen HIV-positive children for neurodevelopmental problems in resource-poor areas, according to a study published online July 3 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Link for Asbestos-Free Talcum Powder, Cancer Not Clear

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Talcum powder, made from talc, which contains asbestos is considered carcinogenic to humans, while the carcinogenicity of talc without asbestos is unclear, according to the American Cancer Society.

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Physicians Should Be Aware of Animal, Child Abuse Link

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A health professional presented with animal abuse by a child over 10 years of age should have increased concerns about abuse in the family, according to a review published online July 17 in the Archives of Disease of Childhood.

Abstract/Full Text

Patients Care About the Clothes Doctors Wear

THURSDAY, July 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Patients do in fact care what doctors wear, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Seven Strategies Can Help Practices Manage Staff Time Off

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented to help address management of staff time off, allowing mutual respect for the employee and employer requests, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Overall Cancer Mortality Rates Decreasing for Men and Women

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence rates have decreased among men but remained stable among women, while cancer death rates are decreasing for both men and women, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of Cancer.

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Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Hy-Vee Spring Pasta Salad

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that's sickened 21 people in five states has been linked to Hy-Vee Spring Pasta Salad. Five people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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Australian Researchers Develop First Blood Test for Melanoma

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The first blood test to detect melanoma skin cancer in its early stages has been created, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of Oncotarget.

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Mental Health No Different for Offspring of Lesbian Parents

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health does not differ significantly between offspring with sexual minority parents from the community-based National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS) and a matched normative population-based sample, according to a research letter published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The ongoing Tips from Former Smokers (Tips) campaign, which features stories of former smokers living with smoking-related diseases and disabilities, has had a considerable impact, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Risk of Cochlear Disorders Up With History of Migraine

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of cochlear disorders, especially tinnitus, is increased among patients with a history of migraine, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Risk of Sensory Deficits Drops With Rising Gestational Age

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to full-term children, there is an increased incidence of hearing loss and visual impairment among moderately- and late-preterm infants, according to a study published online July 17 in Pediatrics.

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Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Up With Positive Fecal Hb Test

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a positive fecal hemoglobin (f-Hb) test result have an increased risk of dying from colorectal cancer (CRC) and non-CRC causes, according to a study published online July 16 in Gut.

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Testosterone Prescribing Down Since 2013

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of U.S. men receiving testosterone prescriptions decreased from 2013 through 2016, according to a research letter published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Basal Insulin Analogues Similar for Glucose Lowering

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Basal insulin analogues for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not substantially differ in their glucose-lowering effect, according to a review published online July 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Prenatal Depression More Common in Young Moms Today

WEDNESDAY, July 18, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High depressive symptom scores were found to be more common among young pregnant women today than in their mothers' generation, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Alternative Payment Models Should Include Precision Medicine

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association has committed to working to integrate precision medicine into alternative payment models (APMs), according to an article published in the association's AMA Wire.

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Problem Solving Helps Prevent Depression in Low-Income Moms

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Problem-solving education (PSE) is effective at preventing depressive symptoms among low-income mothers, according to a study published online June 29 in JAMA Network Open.

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High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adolescents, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Trials Supporting FDA Approval of Breakthrough Drugs Examined

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pivotal trials supporting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approvals granted Breakthrough Therapy designation often lack randomization, double-blinding, and control groups, according to a research letter published in the July 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA: Some Rx Drugs May Become Available Without Seeing a Doctor

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new draft guideline from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests Americans could get widely used prescription medicines for cholesterol, high blood pressure, asthma, and migraine headaches without having to see a doctor.

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Multiple Factors to Consider When Selecting NSAID for Arthritis

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Factors to be considered when choosing the correct nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for arthritis include effectiveness, concurrent health conditions, and frequency of use, according to a blog post published by the Arthritis Foundation.

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FDA Establishes New Task Force on Drug Shortages

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In a recent statement, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., announced the formation of a new drug shortages task force to thoroughly explore the reasons why drug shortages remain a persistent challenge.

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Evidence of Clinical Inertia in Management of T2DM

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who have a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level expected to trigger treatment intensification often have treatment inappropriately delayed, according to a research letter published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Most Adults Perceive Nicotine Exposure As Harmful for Children

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Most adults perceive nicotine exposure as harmful for children; however, there are differences in perceptions based on sex, racial and/or ethnic background, and tobacco use, according to a study published online July 16 in Pediatrics.

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Shared Decision-Making Approach to Zika Best for Travelers

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An approach to shared decision-making that stratifies risk might be most appropriate for preventing Zika infection, according to an Ideas and Opinion piece published online July 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Immediate Monitoring With ECG Patch Ups A-Fib Diagnosis Rate

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Immediate monitoring with a self-applied wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) patch results in a higher rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) diagnosis among individuals at high risk, according to a study published in the July 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.