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December 2017 Briefing - OBGYN & Women's Health

Tue, Jan 2, 2018

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for December 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Urogenital Health Issues Seen in Girls Years After Sexual Abuse

THURSDAY, Dec. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Girls sexually abused in childhood have more urinary and genital health problems, even years after the abuse, than those in the general population, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Out-of-Pocket Costs Correlate With Receipt of Cancer Care

THURSDAY, Dec. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Across cancers, higher out-of-pocket (OOP) costs are associated with higher rates of oral prescription abandonment and delayed initiation, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Effective Treatments Exist for Nausea, Vomiting of Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Dec. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Early treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy can prevent complications, according to a Practice Bulletin published online Dec. 21 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Psychosocial Risk in Teens Tied to Lasting HIV Vulnerability

THURSDAY, Dec. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-frequency psychosocial risk factors during adolescence have a lasting effect on the likelihood of engaging in HIV risk behaviors in adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in AIDS.

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Ob-Gyns Encouraged to Consider Social Determinants of Health

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recognizing the importance of social determinants of health can help obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers to offer better care and improve health outcomes, according to a Committee Opinion published online Dec. 21 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Smoking Cessation Drug Tied to Increased Cardiovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation appear to be at increased risk of cardiovascular but not neuropsychiatric events, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Reducing Tx May Harm Safety in Early HPV+ Oropharyngeal Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)+ stage I or II oropharyngeal cancer, deintensification of treatment from chemoradiotherapy to one modality may compromise safety, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in Cancer.

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Calcium, Vitamin D Don't Seem to Reduce Fracture Risk in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For community-dwelling older adults, supplementation with calcium, vitamin D, or both does not reduce the incidence of fractures, according to a review published in the Dec. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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2009 to 2016 Saw Increase in Prenatal Marijuana Use

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016 for pregnant women of all ages, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intrauterine Balloon Tamponade May Cut Invasive Procedures

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing vaginal delivery, the use of intrauterine balloon tamponade is associated with a significantly lower use of invasive procedures for hemorrhage control, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Early Menarche May Affect Mental Health in Adulthood

TUESDAY, Dec. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Girls with menarche at earlier ages may be at elevated risk for mental health issues in adolescence that carry into adult years, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Pediatrics.

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Hepatitis B Vaccination Often Missed Among HIV Patients

TUESDAY, Dec. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of adult U.S. HIV patients miss opportunities to initiate hepatitis B vaccination, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Removes Boxed Warning From Certain Asthma Medications

TUESDAY, Dec. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence regarding safety is spurring the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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Plasma Volume Changes May Mediate Effects of Empagliflozin

TUESDAY, Dec. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The reduction in risk of cardiovascular (CV) death with empagliflozin is most mediated by changes in hematocrit and hemoglobin, according to research published online Dec. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Exercise Reduces Sleep Problems in Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Dec. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A physical activity intervention reduces perceived sleep dysfunction at three and six months for post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors, according to a study published recently in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Early-Stage Cancer Diagnoses Up With ACA's Medicaid Expansions

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In their first year, the 2014 Medicaid expansions, facilitated by the Affordable Care Act, were associated with an increase in cancer diagnoses, particularly at the early stage, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Swelling, Infection Most Common Side Effects of Injectable Fillers

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most common adverse events associated with injectable fillers are swelling and infection, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Gender Differences Seen in Mental Stress-Induced Ischemia

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men and women have different cardiovascular reactivity mechanisms for mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI), according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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CDC: 2015 to 2016 Saw Drop in Life Expectancy in United States

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2016, life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year, and there was an increase in the rate of age-adjusted drug overdose deaths, according to two December data briefs published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Findings Support Comprehensive Approach for Seniors With Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Addressing persistent symptoms, managing comorbidities, promoting leisure-time physical activity, and addressing financial challenges are key in optimizing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older adults with cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Cancer.

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Higher TSH Levels Seen in Women With Unexplained Infertility

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women with unexplained infertility (UI) have higher thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels than women with a normal fertility evaluation, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Cognitive Benefits Seen With Leafy Green Vegetable Intake

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Neurology.

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Rheumatic Diseases Associated With Increased Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with various rheumatic diseases have an increased risk of dementia, according to a study published online Dec. 15 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Drug Combo Proves Effective for Pattern Hair Loss in Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Once-daily capsules containing a combination of minoxidil and spironolactone appear to be safe and effective for the treatment of female pattern hair loss (PHL), according to a case-series study published online Dec. 12 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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DPP-4 Inhibitor Has Dissociated Effects on β-Cell Function

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For healthy adults and individuals with well-controlled type 2 diabetes (T2D), a single dose of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin is associated with increased standardized insulin secretion, with no impact on β-cell glucose sensitivity, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Levonorgestrel IUD Feasible for Low-Risk, Early Uterine Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is effective in the majority of patients undergoing conservative treatment for low-risk endometrial cancer and complex atypical hyperplasia, according to a case-series study published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Cervical Pessary Cuts Preterm Birth in Women With Short Cervix

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cervical pessary is associated with a lower rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 34 weeks of gestation among women without prior spontaneous preterm birth who had asymptomatic singleton pregnancies and short transvaginal cervical length, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Special Precautions Not Advised for Flu Vaccine in Egg Allergic

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) and live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) are safe for individuals with egg allergy of any severity, according to a practice parameter update published online Dec. 19 in the Annals of Asthma, Allergy & and Immunology.

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Cancer Therapies May Trigger Aging Phenotypes in Survivors

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer therapies have direct effects on telomere length, epigenetic modifications, and microRNA, which can mimic phenotypes of aging, according to a review published online Dec. 18 in ESMO Open.

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Intensive BP Goals Reduce Risk of Cardiovascular Events

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive blood pressure lowering may similarly decrease cardiovascular events in both patients with and patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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STEMI Patient Perceptions Impact Emergency Medical Services Use

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patient perceptions, including those involving the speed of transport and concerns about resource misuse, are an important factor in determining emergency medical services (EMS) use, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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RA Exposure In Utero Tied to Increased Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis may have an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, and epilepsy, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Primary Care Crucial for Preventing New HIV Infections

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers will play an important role in preventing the next wave of HIV infections, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Subcutaneous Galcanezumab May Help Prevent Episodic Migraines

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Monthly subcutaneous injections of galcanezumab are efficacious in prevention of episodic migraine headaches, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Neurology.

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Male U.S. Doctors Receive Higher Values of Industry Payments

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Male physicians in the United States received higher values of general payments from industry than females in 2015, according to a research letter published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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No Magic Bullet for Preventing Late-Life Dementia

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The evidence of benefit for different types of interventions to prevent late-life dementia is limited, according to four reviews published online Dec. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Payment for Laboratory Tests Set to Reduce Starting Jan. 1, 2018

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has released the Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule, which is set to reduce payments for testing services conducted in physician office-based laboratories, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Microbiome Intervention With Niacin Aids Insulin Sensitivity

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A targeted microbiome intervention, accomplished through microencapsulated delayed-release niacin, beneficially affects insulin sensitivity in humans, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Yogurt, But Not Milk, May Lower Hip Fracture Risk

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of fermented milk products, like yogurt, in combination with a high intake of fruits and vegetables, is associated with lower hip fracture rates in women, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Anaphylaxis Is Rare Complication of Pregnancy

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anaphylaxis is a rare complication of pregnancy, with an estimated incidence of 1.6 per 100,000 maternities, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Year One Results Out for Value-Based Payment Modifier Program

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Almost 30 percent of eligible practices failed to register and report data in the first year of the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier program, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs.

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Long-Term Macrolide Use Linked to Resistant P. Acnes

MONDAY, Dec. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term oral macrolide administration may increase macrolide-resistant Propionibacterium acnes, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Doctors Must Report on at Least 1 Patient, 1 Measure for MACRA

FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In order to meet the 2017 Medicare and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) participation reporting deadline and avoid a Medicare payment penalty in 2019, physicians must report on at least one patient and one measure by Dec. 31, and submit to Medicare no later than Feb. 28, 2018, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Pharmacist Participation in Medical Homes Aids Outcomes

FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A program that integrates clinical pharmacists into established primary care medical home practices helps patients achieve better disease management for high blood pressure (HBP) and diabetes mellitus (DM), compared to usual care, according to a study published recently in the Journal of International Medical Research.

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Flu Vaccine Expected to Protect Against Most U.S. H3N2 Viruses

FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A novel bioinformatics approach can predict vaccine effectiveness for the influenza season, and indicates that the current vaccines are likely to be effective against H3N2 flu viruses in the U.S. 2017/2018 flu season, according to research published online Nov. 29 in F1000 Research.

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Functional Limitations Ongoing With Congenital Zika

FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Severe functional limitations are reported among children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection in infancy, according to research published in the Dec. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Majority of Women Prefer Non-Invasive Testing for Trisomy 21

FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of both high-risk and intermediate-risk women prefer a non-invasive cell-free prenatal DNA screening (NIPT) as a secondary screening test for trisomy 21, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Prevalence of Diabetes Tops 20 Percent Among U.S. Veterans

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The overall prevalence of diabetes among U.S. veterans was 20.5 percent in 2013 to 2014, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Making Insurers Participate in Marketplace Could Cut Volatility

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Requiring insurers that participate in Medicare or Medicaid to also participate in Marketplaces in the same geographic area could improve access to insurance, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs.

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Bivalent Meningococcal B Vaccine Safe, Immunogenic

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A bivalent meningococcal B vaccine targeting factor H-binding protein (MenB-FHbp) elicits bactericidal responses against diverse meningococcal B strains after two and three doses in adolescents and young adults, according to a study published in the Dec. 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Foley Catheter Plus Oxytocin Does Not Speed Delivery

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The use of a transcervical Foley catheter plus oxytocin does not shorten the time to delivery in women with prelabor rupture of membranes compared with oxytocin alone, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Stricter Short-Term Glycemic Control May Increase Remission

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Stricter glycemic control during short-term intensive insulin therapy for newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients is associated with a higher likelihood of remission at one year, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Serum Homocysteine Higher in Acne Patients

THURSDAY, Dec. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Acne patients have higher levels of serum homocysteine (HCY), according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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In Utero Methylphenidate Exposure Tied to Heart Defects

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intrauterine exposure to methylphenidate is associated with a small increase in the risk of cardiac malformations, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Observation Care Cost Saving in Commercially-Insured Patients

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among commercially-insured patients, the cost of observation care has increased, but it is still lower than spending for short-stay hospitalizations, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs.

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Amount of Opioids Prescribed After Hospital Discharge Varies

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For postoperative patients there is considerable variation in the amount of opioids prescribed at hospital discharge, according to research published online Dec. 13 in JAMA Surgery.

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Urinary Tract Injury Incidence Low in Gynecologic Laparoscopy

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of lower urinary tract injuries is 0.33 percent for patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopy for benign indications, according to a review published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Measuring Quality of Life Important With Diabetes Tx

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes report worse quality of life (QoL) with more intensified treatment, according to a study published in online Nov. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Low Oxytocin Tied to Impaired Social-Emotional Function

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Low oxytocin levels are related to a lack of emotional awareness in women with a history of anorexia nervosa (AN), according to a study published recently in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Atherosclerosis ID'd in Many Without CV Risk Factors

TUESDAY, Dec. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals without cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) have atherosclerosis, with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) independently associated with the presence and extent of atherosclerosis, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Findings Support Individualized Glycemic Control in T2DM

TUESDAY, Dec. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An individualized approach to glycemic control in type 2 diabetes is likely to reduce costs and improve quality of life, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Artificial Intelligence Promising for CA, Retinopathy Diagnoses

TUESDAY, Dec. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A deep learning algorithm can detect metastases in sections of lymph nodes from women with breast cancer; and a deep learning system (DLS) has high sensitivity and specificity for identifying diabetic retinopathy, according to two studies published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF Recommends Against Hormone Tx Post Menopause

TUESDAY, Dec. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against use of hormone therapy for preventing chronic conditions in postmenopausal women. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Dec. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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In-Hospital Deaths in A-Fib Patients Higher in Rural Areas

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In-hospital mortality among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is higher in rural hospitals than in urban hospitals, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Heart Rhythm.

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Preconception Paternal SSRI Use Linked to ADHD in Offspring

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Paternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) before conception is associated with increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Pediatrics.

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Stair-Step Clomiphene Reduces Time to Ovulation in PCOS

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The stair-step clomiphene protocol is associated with decreased time to ovulation for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Deceleration in Health Care Spending Growth in 2016

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care spending growth slowed in 2016 following faster growth in 2014 and 2015, according to research published online Dec. 6 in Health Affairs.

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Prenatal Sugar Intake May Increase Asthma Risk in Offspring

FRIDAY, Dec. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Increased maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with increased odds of developing childhood asthma, according to a study published online Dec. 8 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Obesity May Be Tied to Higher Rosacea Risk in Women

FRIDAY, Dec. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for rosacea, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Ovarian CA Screening Potentially Cost-Effective in the U.S.

FRIDAY, Dec. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Multimodal screening (MMS) for ovarian cancer is potentially cost-effective in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in JAMA Oncology.

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Influenza Picking Up in U.S., Predominantly A(H3N2)

FRIDAY, Dec. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza activity was low during October 2017 but started increasing in November, with influenza A, predominantly A(H3N2), most commonly identified, according to research published in the Dec. 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Breast CA Risk Up With Recent Hormonal Contraceptive Use

THURSDAY, Dec. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women who currently use or who have recently used contemporary hormonal contraceptives may have an increased risk of breast cancer, although the absolute increase is small, according to a study published in the Dec. 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Diet Quality Linked to Disability, Symptom Severity in MS

THURSDAY, Dec. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), diet quality is associated with disability and symptom severity, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in Neurology.

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Moving More May Match Focused Exercise in Prediabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The accumulation of total physical activity (PA) over the day may be as important as achieving the intensity of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) for improved cardiometabolic health of adults with prediabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Diabetes Care.

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Metabolic Risk Factors Linked to Severe Liver Disease

THURSDAY, Dec. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic risk factors are associated with severe liver disease, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Hepatology.

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Cervical Mucus Removal May Improve Pregnancy Chances

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cervical mucus removal before intrauterine insemination (IUI) can improve pregnancy outcomes in women with unexplained infertility, according to a study published online Oct. 27 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Traffic Pollution Prevents Cardiac Benefits of Walking

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The beneficial cardiopulmonary effects of walking are attenuated when walking in a traffic polluted area, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in The Lancet.

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Doctors' Personal Experience of Breast Cancer May Impact Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians who report a social network member with a poor breast cancer prognosis are more likely to recommend routine breast cancer screening for younger and older age groups, according to a research letter published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Remission of Type 2 Diabetes Feasible for Primary Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive weight management implemented in primary care practices can result in remission of type 2 diabetes for almost half of patients, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in The Lancet.

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More Men Than Women With Parkinson's Have Caregivers

TUESDAY, Dec. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), more men than women have a caregiver, and greater strain is reported for caregivers of men, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in Neurology.

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CVS-Aetna Merger Has Implications for Doctors' Offices

TUESDAY, Dec. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- CVS Health's planned purchase of insurance giant Aetna, a $69 billion deal, was announced Sunday.

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Relevant Health Care Price Info Hard to Find Online

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 17 percent of websites provide geographically relevant health care price estimates relating to specific interventions, according to a research letter published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Adherence to T2DM Treatment Varies Across Medication Classes

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in adherence across medication classes for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a review published online Nov. 14 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Specialty Care Tied to Reduced Mortality in New-Onset A-Fib

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiologist care is associated with a lower rate of death in patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published in the December issue of the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

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Risk of Persistent Opioid Use a Concern for Youth After Surgery

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents and young adults are at risk for persistent opioid use after surgery, and this represents an important pathway to consider in the epidemic of prescription opioid misuse, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Pediatrics.

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Nivolumab May Induce Successful Depletion of HIV Reservoir

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir, according to a letter to the editor published online Dec. 1 in the Annals of Oncology.

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Almonds With/Without Chocolate May Improve Lipid Profiles

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Eating raw almonds, dark chocolate, and cocoa can significantly improve lipid profiles of overweight and obese people, according to a small study published online Nov. 29 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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FDA Approves Biosimilar Ogivri for Breast, Stomach Cancers

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Ogivri (trastuzumab-dkst) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as the nation's first biosimilar drug to treat certain breast and stomach cancers, the agency said Friday in a news release.

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>40% of Cancers, Cancer Deaths Due to Modifiable Risk Factors

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 42.0 percent of all incident cancers and 45.1 percent of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Lower Microbial Diversity in the Gut in Anorexia Nervosa

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Females with anorexia nervosa (AN) have lower gut microbial diversity, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Poor Agreement for Practitioners in Defining Myofascial Pain

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care practitioner groups differ regarding the signs and symptoms that define myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), according to a study published online Nov. 1 in PAIN Practice.

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Differences in Cancer Survival by Type of Insurance

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- From 1997 to 2014, improvements in cancer survival were mainly limited to patients with private or Medicare insurance, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in JAMA Oncology.

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