Ancient civilizations practiced herbalism, defined as the use of plants, clay, and soil as medication. This changed when conventional allopathic medicine raised in popularity, shortly before World War 1. Today, the World Health Organization, or WHO for short, estimates that approximately 80 percent of the world’s population has reverted back to traditional remedies and the majority of new medical drugs are based on the practice of herbalism.
Most conventional drugs are single molecule targets, which is contradictory to a majority of disorders which are complex and multifactorial. This causes many to use multiple medications, a practice that has its own serious, negative side effects. In contrast to the above most of the traditional medications use a multi-component approach to address chronic ailments, reducing the risks of the side-effects considerably.
In the last few decades, concerted efforts have been channeled into researching the local plants with antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory or cardio-protective values. A majority of these plants are used alone or in combination with other herbs. Garcinia indica (Kokum) is one the most popularly known multi-therapeutic medicinal plant that may be a limitless remedy for an innumerable number of health ailments.
Many of its therapeutic effects have also been described in traditional medicine based on Ayurveda. This plant is also pharmacologically studied for its anti-oxidative, chelating, free radical scavenging, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, cardio-protective and anti-ulcer activities.
The unique chemical composition of Garcinia indica includes garcinol, Hydroxycitric acid (HCA), flavonoids and polyphenols, all of which are known to be potent antioxidative, anti-hypercholesteroemic, antihypertensive, anti-angiogenic, anti-ischemic and anti-inflammatory in activity.
Anti-aging: It’s an active anti-oxidant that helps prevent damage in the cells and promotes cell regeneration and repair. It also has a cooling effect and shields the body against dehydration, sunstroke, allergic reactions.
Skin Health: Kokum butter is now extensively used in the cosmetic industry as an anti-allergic agent for skin infections/ wounds, chapped/ burnt skin and as a skin moisturizer.
Gasterointestinal issues: It helps to reduce indigestion, acidity, flatulence, constipation and diarrhea, as well as IBS symptoms.
Immune Booster: Because it is rich in anti-oxidants, it possess excellent anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-helminth properties.
Anti-Obesity agent: The high levels of hydroxycitric acid (HCA) in Kokum, present in the fruits fights cholesterol and curbs lipogenesis, helps active weight loss.
Cardio protective: Garcinol helps suppress oxidizing agents that contribute to the build-up of platelets in blood vessels. This, in turn, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, ischemic heart disease and subsequent heart strokes.
Anti-inflammatory activity: Garcinal is also known to help relieve the pressure, pain, and swelling in inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, gout and cardiac inflammation.