Family therapy is a psychological therapeutic procedure and trained psychologists perform this clinical form of treatment. The entire family is trained in this aspect through a thorough counseling process. This therapeutic approach is designed to strengthen family relations to address issues that tend to affect the family health, the family atmosphere, and the overall functioning of the family.
Family therapy can be used to help the family members to resolve the hiccups and the ups and downs they face. It would help the family to transcend the difficult phase, to restore the mental and behavioral health of the affected members of the family.
Family therapy can help families to identify their priorities and thereby help them preventing substance abuse from moving on from one generation to the next.
It is important to emphasize on the fact that substance abuse counselors should not practice family therapy without proper training and licensing; hence, would need to be well-qualified to handle such issues.
Addresses Substance Abuse:
Substance abuse precipitates violence within the family and women and children are worst affected in many such instances. Treating substance abuse hence, is imperative to find an appropriate solution. Family therapy not only helps a person to deal with the issue, but also assist families to overcome it gradually.Family therapyreduces the frictions within the family by completely by developing strategies to de-addict the victims of the substance or drug abuse to lead a normal and healthy life.
Research Findings on Family Therapy in Making Family Ties Sustainable:
Studies have indicated that alcohol dependence in men is linked to marital dissatisfaction, leading to domestic violence. It is also associated with high levels of psychological distress among children as a result of poor parenting practices followed by the alcohol dependents.
Furthermore, alcohol dependence in men would lead to family disintegration, forcing spouses of alcohol dependents to seek shelter in refugehomes. This would create painful childhood experiences for their children.
Substance abuse among men would precipitate adolescents and young adults to imitate the adult’s abusive behavior, as they get distressed due to the abusive parental behavior. They will experience trauma, stress, anxiety, and depression.
Family therapy aids individuals affected due to substance abuse in below-mentioned ways;
● Helping them maintain close ties within the family.
● Train the family members to care and nurturevictims with patience
● Ensures adequate monitoring and supervision
● Train victims to adhere to social norms and practices.
Studies suggest that ensuring parental guidance and family support through family therapy are key elements in their journey to complete recovery from substance abuse.
Therapeutic Help is Crucial:
Domestic Violence (DV) and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) are two terms used interchangeably. Domestic Violence can occur between a parent and child, siblings, among relatives, or even among roommates. On the contrary, Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) can only occur between partners, who may or may not be living together in the same household.
According to the research conducted, approximately 86% of women,who were victims of violence have never sought help. About 77% of the victims never told anybody about the incidents. Domestic violence is an issue; that has been around for a long time. Of late, an alarming spike in incidences of domestic violence has become a major source of concern mainly during the current shutdown era. Nevertheless, this evil is still very much existent, has spread all over, and still continues to develop.
Intimate Partner Violence contributes to the following:
● Family instability.
● Divorce and homelessness.
● Depression, substance abuse, triggeringtraumatic stress on both the abuser and his family.
Severe and frequent exposure to physical violence, including threats to life, sexual violence, use of weapons, and psychological abuse would eventually lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Violence within the family ends up with significant consequences for other family members, even though they are not directly victimized. The neighbors could be disturbedequally. IPV is strongly related with leaving a long-lasting, intense, and negative impact on psychological, emotional, and behavioral tendencies of not just the victims but also of their children, who witness domestic violence.
In particular, children who have witnessed violence between their parents are more likely to assault their siblings, parents, relatives, friends, and in the long run may tend to commit violent criminal activities as they grow.
Appropriate therapeutic approaches within the family therapyhave to be designed and incorporatedto address Domestic violence and IPV issues.
What is Behavior Therapy?
Behavioral therapy is a broader term for treating mental health disorders. This therapy’s main objective is to identify and assist the victims of potential threats like self-destructiveness, or unhealthy behavioral patterns and to bring positive behavioral changes. Behavior therapy stems from the concept that behaviors are acquired and it is possible to change unhealthy behavior through a systematic therapeutic approach.
How does Behavior Therapy Address these Issuees?
Behavioral therapy can help treat a wide spectrum ofpsychological and mental health conditions, including:
● Alcohol and substance use disorders
● Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
● Autism spectrum disorders
● Bipolar disorder
● Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
● Eating disorders
● Panic disorder
● Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Behavioral therapy is a problem-focused and action-oriented approach. It can be utilized to address certain psychological issues such as anger management and stress management.Victims can reapthebenefits of Behavioral therapy in relatively short duration.
Behavioral therapy is widely used to treat a number of cognitive behavioral tendencies.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of behavioral therapy or psychotherapeutic treatment that focuses on identifying and changing destructive or attitudes thought patterns that have a negative impact on one’s behavior and emotions. Cognitive behavioral therapy is specifically effective for the treatment of children’s mental disorders.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most affordable therapy, in comparison to other therapies, often with positive results in 5-20 sessions.
Research has shown that the Cognitive behavioral therapy is most effective in treating;
● Somatic symptom disorder
● Substance abuse and relapse prevention
Behavioral therapy address issues including but not limited to;:
● Communicative disorders such as stammering g and insecure feeling.
● Coping with the stress
● Develop strategies within the society or in a workplace.
● Developing healthy thought patterns.
● Overcoming low self-esteem
The efficacy of how well the behavioral therapy works on an individual depends on the kind of treatment, the course duration to imbibe and inculcate the therapy, and the condition that is being treated.
Family therapy has gained a strong foothold in maintaining sustainable marital and family relations. There are proven evidences of handling specific family situations, promoting better understanding and functioning, leading to a trouble-free home environment.