COVID-19 continues to prove itself, as one of the deadliest viruses that mankind has ever experienced. The numbers speak for themselves, as of Tuesday morning there are 82 million confirmed cases and nearly 2 million deaths worldwide. While researchers and HCPs have been studying why this virus is so deadly, the general public wishes to gain more information, as to how our organs and cells react to this infection. This article aims to inform the readers, how the virus is contracted, how the virus travels once inside the body, and why our body reacts the way it does.
It is important to remember that there are numerous strains of coronavirus and that some strains simply give you the common cold, while COVID-19 is a sickness caused by the newest coronavirus. This virus is very easy to contract, because it simply needs a passage to the mucous membranes in your mouth, which can be caused when a person is exposed to an infected person’s breath, cough or sneeze. Once the virus is contracted, it attacks healthy cells and begins to multiply, spreading itself throughout the body.
The symptoms for COVID-19, are similar with the flu or common cold, as most patients will experience fever, dry cough and sore throat, with the most severe symptoms including difficulty breathing and loss of smell. Most people’s immune systems develop antibodies to combat the virus, within two weeks of infection.
Because COVID-19 bursts through Ace2 receptors and the lower airways have the most amount of these receptors, than anywhere else in the respiratory track, COVID-19 usually goes deeper into the body than most other illnesses. Even though COVID-19 is considered a respiratory illness, recent patient studies have revealed that this illness also causes heart damage. Researchers and HCPs, however, are unaware if heart damage is a result of coronavirus directly attacking the heart, or is simply a side effect as a result of the symptoms. Because COVID-19 enflames the lungs, making it harder for the patient to breathe, it limits the amount of oxygen vital organs need to operate.
Everybody’s immune system is different, meaning some patients will experience different side effects from others. Some people will even develop an immunity to the coronavirus. Fortunately, most patients (approximately 8 in 10 cases), only suffer from mild symptoms and most experts seem to agree, that because COVID-19 acts like most other viruses, our body creates antibodies making it highly unlikely that a patient will contract the coronavirus for a second time.