Evolution of Clinical Pathology
Evolution of Clinical Pathology
August 5, 2021 by eMedEvents

Pathology is the branch of medical science that deals with the cause, origin, and nature of a disease. It also involves the examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and autopsies. The study of disease processes is known as General Pathology, while Anatomical Pathology and Clinical Pathology are the two main divisions of Medical Pathology. 

Moreover, pathology is an area where you can find both the cause of the disease and the remedy. Health professionals working in Clinical Pathology labs are highly trained and supervise the significant divisions of the lab. Some lab functions covered under Clinical Pathology are:

  • Blood bank  
  • Clinical chemistry and biology
  • Toxicology
  • Hematology
  • Immunology and serology
  • Microbiology

 

 

Evolving Trends in Pathology:

  1. Artificial Intelligence and “Machine Learning.”
  2. Multiplexing: ISH for RNA and IHC for protein on the same slide.
  3. CAR T-Cell Immunotherapy.
  4. Proximal ligation assay.
  5. Electron microscopy for ultrastructural evaluation of AAV capsids.

 

What does a Clinical Pathologist do?

With the help of diagnostic tools like a microscope, clinical pathologists examine blood, urine, and other body fluid samples to check for certain chemicals and different substance levels in the body. Based on the test report, a decision is made on whether or not to study the case with more research. In today’s environment, the demand for clinical pathologists is increasing, as approximately 70% of the data in modern health records is generated through clinical laboratories.

 

CLINICAL PATHOLOGY SAVES LIVES

Several tests related to clinical pathology are performed to properly diagnose, treat, and prevent the disease or infection. Examining all the different kinds of samples takes time and patience, but the process can save lives when done correctly.  

 

Discovering Diseases

Detecting (and eventually preventing) disease is one of the primary purposes of pathology and its allied specialties. Early detection of many severe diseases like cancer, Alzheimer’s, and diabetes continues to be integral to the profession. Clinical pathology test results can help manage the disease in several ways. For example:

  • Recognition of disease patterns within specific geographic areas. 
  • Checking the development of certain conditions by population segments.
  • Assisting researchers in minimizing and preventing outbreaks.
  • Determining the ineffectiveness of particular treatments.
  • Providing information that can be used to prepare more effective vaccinations.

 

Improving Patient Diagnosis and Treatment

Human illness caused by different types of bacteria, viruses, and fungus produce symptoms similar to other various conditions. For many viral or bacterial infections/viruses like pneumonia or meningitis, antibiotics won`t work. Therefore, it is mandatory to know the source of the infection/virus before initiating the treatment.

 

Determining Patient Responses to Treatments

Pharmacogenomic tests help clinical pathologists to know patient reactions to certain medications. With the help of this information, doctors can determine the efficacy of a specific drug. Moreover, doctors can also track patient responses to the drug using monitoring services offered by various clinical pathology labs. The advancements in technology have not only provided a positive impact on patients, but it has also allowed clinical pathology labs to deliver results more quickly and efficiently.  

 

Purpose of Clinical Pathology

Understanding the problem: 

The pathology study enables the doctor to interpret, investigate, and manage pathologists' skills besides helping doctors know the cause of the disease and initiate the treatment.

 

A place for the experiment: 

Clinical Pathology has a very vast and dynamic purpose and is often regarded as the place where the doctors carry out all the experiments. 

 

Patient Care:

Pathologists working in Clinical Pathology labs deal with patients by providing a cure as their primary objective. Additionally, they also work with broader research while utilizing their investigative and management skills.

 

Data Analysis: 

To obtain better results, analysis of clinical and research data is vital in Clinical Pathology. Most pathologists perform many experiments with the help of medicines and equipment to get desired results.

 

Lab Management: 

Managing labs along with all the necessary equipment are one of the main tasks of pathologists. Pathologists also take care of all the laboratory equipment, availability of first aid in case of emergency, and arrangements for evacuation.

 

Because of its all-inclusiveness, pathology is essential to patient care. Students, trainees, researchers, and academic pathologists are determined to explore new areas of pathology to improve access to the healthcare process. With increasing populations and demand for access to premium healthcare services worldwide, the role of Clinical Pathologists is ever-evolving.  

 

To know more about pathology and clinical pathology, sign up for the below eMedEvents conferences, webcasts, and podcasts:

 

  1. Clinical Pathology 2018 Online Review

Organizer: The Osler Institute

Start Date: Jan 02, 2019

End Date: Jan 01, 2022

Credits: CME 24

Ticket Cost: Free

  1. American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Annual Meeting

Organizer: American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)

Start Date: Sep 07, 2022

End Date: Sep 09, 2022

Credits: CME 22.5

Ticket Cost: Free

  1. Placental Pathology – A Tour of Common and Rare Pathologies with a Focus on Clinical Relevance

Start Date: Nov 19, 2018

End Date: Oct 06, 2021

Credits: CME 11

Ticket Cost: $499

References:

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271725134_The_Evolution_of_Anatomic_Pathology

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265391406_The_ongoing_evolution_of_the_core_curriculum_of_a_clinical_fellowship_in_pathology_informatics

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320201823_Introduction_to_clinical_pathology_A_brief_course_of_laboratory_medicine_in_the_field_for_medical_students

 

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2734800

 

https://www.nap.edu/read/21794/chapter/4#32

 

https://academic.oup.com/ajcp/article/149/5/387/4924356

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